1 The influence of ACTH-(1-24) on the blood levels of highly reactive free radicals in haemorrhagic shock was studied in rats. 2 Volume-controlled haemorrhagic shock was produced in adult rats under general anaesthesia (urethane, 1.25 g kg(-1) intraperitoneally) by stepwise bleeding until mean arterial pressure stabilized at 20-23 mmHg. Rats were intravenously (i.v.) treated with either ACTH-(1-24) (160 mu g kg(-1) in a volume of 1 ml kg(-1)) or equivolume saline. Free radicals were measured in arterial blood by electron spin resonance spectrometry using an ex vivo method that avoids injection of the spin-trapping agent (alpha-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone). 3 Blood levels of free radicals were 6490+/-273 [arbitrary units (a.u.) ml(-1) whole blood, before starting bleeding, and 30762+/-2650 after bleeding termination (means+/-s.e.mean of the values obtained in all experimental groups). All rats treated with saline died within 30 min, their blood levels of free radicals being 35450+/-5450 a.u. ml(-1) blood, 15 min after treatment. Treatment with ACTH-(1-24) produced a rapid and sustained restoration of arterial pressure, pulse pressure, heart rate and respiratory function, with 100% survival at the end of the observation period (2 h); this was associated with an impressive reduction in the blood levels of free radicals, that were 12807+/-2995, 10462+/-2850, 12294+/-4120, and 10360+/-2080 a.u. ml(-1) blood, 15, 30, 60 and 120 min after ACTH-(1-24) administration, respectively. 4 These results provide a direct demonstration that (i) in haemorrhagic shock there is a rapid and massive production of highly reactive free radicals, and that (ii) the sustained restoration of cardiovascular and respiratory functions induced by the i.v. injection of ACTH-(1-24) is associated with a substantial reduction of free radical blood levels. It is suggested that ACTH-(1-24) prevents the burst of free radical generation during blood mobilisation and subsequent tissue reperfusion, and this may be an important component of its mechanism of action in effectively preventing death for haemorrhagic shock.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Titolo:||Influence of ACTH-(1-24) on free radical levels in the blood of haemorrhage-shocked rats: Direct ex vivo detection by electron spin resonance spectrometry|
|Autori:||S. Guarini; C. Bazzani; GM Ricigliano; A. Bini; A. Tomasi; A. Bertolini|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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