BBackground & Aims: Hepcidin is a peptide hormone that is central to the regulation of iron homeostasis. In response to interleukin 6 (IL-6), hepatocytes produce hepcidin that decreases iron release/transfer from enterocytes and macrophages and causes hypoferremia. To clarify the molecular pathways involved in hepcidin activation by IL-6, we used different mice strains in which the main IL-6/gp130 signaling pathways have been genetically disrupted. Methods: We generated mice with hepatocyte-specific deletion of the IL-6 signaltransducing gp130 receptor (alfgp130 (LoxP/LoxP)), with a gp130 receptor lacking the essential region for STAT1 and -3 activation (alrpCre gp130(Delta STAT/LoxP)) or mice expressing a gp130 allele lacking the essential tyrosine for RAS-MAPK activation (alfpCregp130(Y757F/LoxP)). We studied gp130-dependent pathways and hepcidin mRNA expression by Western blot, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, and Northern blot in vivo and ex vivo. Results: IL-6 stimulated phospho STAT3, serum amyloid A (SAA), and suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) expression in livers of mild-type and alfpCregp130(Y757F/LoxP) mice, whereas this response was blocked in alfpCre gp130(LoxP/LoxP) and alfpCre gp130(Delta STAT/LoxP) mice. In wild-type and alfpCregP130(Y757F/LoxP) animals, significantly higher hepcidin mRNA expression was found 3 to 6 hours after IL-6 stimulation. In contrast, no IL-6-dependent regulation of hepcidin mRNA expression was found in alfpgp130(Delta STAT/LoxP) and AlfpCre gp130 (LoxP.LoxP) animals. In primary hepatocytes, higher hepcidin mRNA expression after IL-6 stimulation was only observed when gp130-STAT3-dependent signaling was intact. Conclusions: We have demonstrated that both in vivo and in vitro STAT3 is the key transcription factor responsible

STAT3 is required for IL-6-gp130-dependent activation of hepcidin in vivo / Pietrangelo, Antonello; U., Dierssen; L., Valli; Garuti, Cinzia; A., Rump; Corradini, Elena; M., Ernst; C., Klein; C., Trautwein. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0892-1601. - STAMPA. - 132(1):(2007), pp. 294-300. [10.1053/j.gastro.2006.10.018]

STAT3 is required for IL-6-gp130-dependent activation of hepcidin in vivo

PIETRANGELO, Antonello;GARUTI, Cinzia;CORRADINI, Elena;
2007

Abstract

BBackground & Aims: Hepcidin is a peptide hormone that is central to the regulation of iron homeostasis. In response to interleukin 6 (IL-6), hepatocytes produce hepcidin that decreases iron release/transfer from enterocytes and macrophages and causes hypoferremia. To clarify the molecular pathways involved in hepcidin activation by IL-6, we used different mice strains in which the main IL-6/gp130 signaling pathways have been genetically disrupted. Methods: We generated mice with hepatocyte-specific deletion of the IL-6 signaltransducing gp130 receptor (alfgp130 (LoxP/LoxP)), with a gp130 receptor lacking the essential region for STAT1 and -3 activation (alrpCre gp130(Delta STAT/LoxP)) or mice expressing a gp130 allele lacking the essential tyrosine for RAS-MAPK activation (alfpCregp130(Y757F/LoxP)). We studied gp130-dependent pathways and hepcidin mRNA expression by Western blot, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, and Northern blot in vivo and ex vivo. Results: IL-6 stimulated phospho STAT3, serum amyloid A (SAA), and suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) expression in livers of mild-type and alfpCregp130(Y757F/LoxP) mice, whereas this response was blocked in alfpCre gp130(LoxP/LoxP) and alfpCre gp130(Delta STAT/LoxP) mice. In wild-type and alfpCregP130(Y757F/LoxP) animals, significantly higher hepcidin mRNA expression was found 3 to 6 hours after IL-6 stimulation. In contrast, no IL-6-dependent regulation of hepcidin mRNA expression was found in alfpgp130(Delta STAT/LoxP) and AlfpCre gp130 (LoxP.LoxP) animals. In primary hepatocytes, higher hepcidin mRNA expression after IL-6 stimulation was only observed when gp130-STAT3-dependent signaling was intact. Conclusions: We have demonstrated that both in vivo and in vitro STAT3 is the key transcription factor responsible
2007
132(1)
294
300
STAT3 is required for IL-6-gp130-dependent activation of hepcidin in vivo / Pietrangelo, Antonello; U., Dierssen; L., Valli; Garuti, Cinzia; A., Rump; Corradini, Elena; M., Ernst; C., Klein; C., Trautwein. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0892-1601. - STAMPA. - 132(1):(2007), pp. 294-300. [10.1053/j.gastro.2006.10.018]
Pietrangelo, Antonello; U., Dierssen; L., Valli; Garuti, Cinzia; A., Rump; Corradini, Elena; M., Ernst; C., Klein; C., Trautwein
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/23227
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