The outcome of a nonlinear finite element stress analysis of ceramic heads for artificial hip joints is presented. The analysis mainly covers the influence of taper friction, support conditions and trunnion modulus of elasticity on the hoop stress distribution at the surface of the head bore. The paper quantifies how much the maximum tensile stress decreases with increasing frictional coefficient, with stiffening of the support and with stiffening of the trunnion material. An appreciable rise of the maximum tensile upon unloading of the head is also shown for the case of cup support. The computational results are found in close correspondence with photoelastic measurements of taper pressures and encourage the use, for preliminary design purposes, of an approximate theoretical model retrieved from the literature.
Structural evaluation of ceramic femoral heads: effect of taper friction, support conditions and trunnion compliance / Dragoni, Eugenio; Andrisano, Angelo Oreste. - In: JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. - ISSN 0148-0731. - STAMPA. - 117:(1995), pp. 293-299.