Photoionized absorbers of outflowing gas are commonly found in the X-ray spectra of active galactic nuclei. While most of these absorbers are seldom significantly variable, some ionized obscurers have increasingly been found to substantially change their column density on a wide range of timescales. These NHvariations are often considered as the signature of the clumpy nature of the absorbers. Here we present the analysis of a new Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory campaign of the type 1 quasar PG 1114+445, which was observed to investigate the time evolution of the multiphase outflowing absorbers previously detected in its spectra. The analyzed dataset consists of 22 observations with a total exposure of ∼90 ks that spans about 20 months. For the whole campaign, we report an unusually low flux state with respect to all previous X-ray observations of this quasar. From the analysis of the stacked spectra, we find a fully covering absorber with a column density log(NH/cm−2) = 22.9−0.1+0.3. This is an order of magnitude higher than the column density measured in the previous observations. This is either due to a variation of the known absorbers or to a new one that eclipses the X-ray emitting source. We also find an ionization parameter of log(ξ/erg cm s−1) = 1.4−0.2+0.6. Assuming that the obscuration lasts for the whole duration of the campaign, that is, more than 20 months, we estimate the minimum distance of the ionized clump, which is located at r ≳ 0.5 pc.

X-ray obscuration from a variable ionized absorber in PG 1114+445 / Serafinelli, Roberto; Braito, Valentina; Severgnini, Paola; Tombesi, Francesco; Giani, G; Piconcelli, Enrico; DELLA CECA, Roberto; Vagnetti, Fausto; Gaspari, Massimo; Saturni, FRANCESCO GABRIELE; Middei, Riccardo; Tortosa, Alessia. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - 654:(2021), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.1051/0004-6361/202141474]

X-ray obscuration from a variable ionized absorber in PG 1114+445

GASPARI, MASSIMO;
2021

Abstract

Photoionized absorbers of outflowing gas are commonly found in the X-ray spectra of active galactic nuclei. While most of these absorbers are seldom significantly variable, some ionized obscurers have increasingly been found to substantially change their column density on a wide range of timescales. These NHvariations are often considered as the signature of the clumpy nature of the absorbers. Here we present the analysis of a new Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory campaign of the type 1 quasar PG 1114+445, which was observed to investigate the time evolution of the multiphase outflowing absorbers previously detected in its spectra. The analyzed dataset consists of 22 observations with a total exposure of ∼90 ks that spans about 20 months. For the whole campaign, we report an unusually low flux state with respect to all previous X-ray observations of this quasar. From the analysis of the stacked spectra, we find a fully covering absorber with a column density log(NH/cm−2) = 22.9−0.1+0.3. This is an order of magnitude higher than the column density measured in the previous observations. This is either due to a variation of the known absorbers or to a new one that eclipses the X-ray emitting source. We also find an ionization parameter of log(ξ/erg cm s−1) = 1.4−0.2+0.6. Assuming that the obscuration lasts for the whole duration of the campaign, that is, more than 20 months, we estimate the minimum distance of the ionized clump, which is located at r ≳ 0.5 pc.
2021
654
N/A
N/A
X-ray obscuration from a variable ionized absorber in PG 1114+445 / Serafinelli, Roberto; Braito, Valentina; Severgnini, Paola; Tombesi, Francesco; Giani, G; Piconcelli, Enrico; DELLA CECA, Roberto; Vagnetti, Fausto; Gaspari, Massimo; Saturni, FRANCESCO GABRIELE; Middei, Riccardo; Tortosa, Alessia. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - 654:(2021), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.1051/0004-6361/202141474]
Serafinelli, Roberto; Braito, Valentina; Severgnini, Paola; Tombesi, Francesco; Giani, G; Piconcelli, Enrico; DELLA CECA, Roberto; Vagnetti, Fausto; Gaspari, Massimo; Saturni, FRANCESCO GABRIELE; Middei, Riccardo; Tortosa, Alessia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1338431
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