Background aims: The proapoptotic protein tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is physiologically expressed by immune cells and performs regulatory functions in infections, autoimmune diseases and cancer, where it acts as a tumor suppressor. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (AD-MSCs) also may play immunomodulatory roles in both primary and acquired immune responses. We have previously demonstrated the efficacy of an anticancer gene therapy based on AD-MSC engineered to secrete a soluble TRAIL variant (sTRAIL) against pancreatic cancer. However, the impact of AD-MSC sTRAIL on leukocyte subsets has been not yet considered also to predict a possible immunotoxicity profile in the clinical translation of this cell-based anticancer strategy. Methods: Monocytes, polymorphonuclear cells and T lymphocytes were freshly isolated from the peripheral blood of healthy donors. Immunophenotype and functional (DR4 and DR5) and decoy (DcR1 and DcR2) TRAIL receptors were tested by flow cytometry. The viability of white blood cells treated with sTRAIL released by gene-modified AD-MSC or co-cultured with AD-MSC sTRAIL was then evaluated by both metabolic assays and flow cytometry. In addition, cytokine profile in co-cultures was analyzed by multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Monocytes and polymorphonuclear cells showed high positivity for DR5 and DcR2, respectively, whereas T cells revealed negligible expression of all TRAIL receptors. Irrespective of TRAIL receptors' presence on the cell membrane, white blood cells were refractory to the proapoptotic effect displayed by sTRAIL secreted by gene-modified AD-MSC, and direct cell-to-cell contact with AD-MSC sTRAIL had negligible impact on T-cell and monocyte viability. Cytokine crosstalk involving interleukin 10, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interferon gamma secreted by T lymphocytes and vascular endothelial growth factor A and interleukin 6 released by AD-MSC was highlighted in T-cell and AD-MSC sTRAIL co-cultures. Conclusions: In summary, this study demonstrates the immunological safety and thus the clinical feasibility of an anticancer approach based on AD-MSC expressing the proapoptotic molecule sTRAIL.

Background aims: The proapoptotic protein tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is physiologically expressed by immune cells and performs regulatory functions in infections, autoimmune diseases and cancer, where it acts as a tumor suppressor. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (AD-MSCs) also may play immunomodulatory roles in both primary and acquired immune responses. We have previously demonstrated the efficacy of an anticancer gene therapy based on AD-MSC engineered to secrete a soluble TRAIL variant (sTRAIL) against pancreatic cancer. However, the impact of AD-MSC sTRAIL on leukocyte subsets has been not yet considered also to predict a possible immunotoxicity profile in the clinical translation of this cell-based anticancer strategy. Methods: Monocytes, polymorphonuclear cells and T lymphocytes were freshly isolated from the peripheral blood of healthy donors. Immunophenotype and functional (DR4 and DR5) and decoy (DcR1 and DcR2) TRAIL receptors were tested by flow cytometry. The viability of white blood cells treated with sTRAIL released by gene-modified AD-MSC or co-cultured with AD-MSC sTRAIL was then evaluated by both metabolic assays and flow cytometry. In addition, cytokine profile in co-cultures was analyzed by multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results: Monocytes and polymorphonuclear cells showed high positivity for DR5 and DcR2, respectively, whereas T cells revealed negligible expression of all TRAIL receptors. Irrespective of TRAIL receptors' pres-ence on the cell membrane, white blood cells were refractory to the proapoptotic effect displayed by sTRAIL secreted by gene-modified AD-MSC, and direct cell-to-cell contact with AD-MSC sTRAIL had negligible impact on T-cell and monocyte viability. Cytokine crosstalk involving interleukin 10, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interferon gamma secreted by T lymphocytes and vascular endothelial growth factor A and inter-leukin 6 released by AD-MSC was highlighted in T-cell and AD-MSC sTRAIL co-cultures. Conclusions: In summary, this study demonstrates the immunological safety and thus the clinical feasibility of an anticancer approach based on AD-MSC expressing the proapoptotic molecule sTRAIL.(c) 2023 International Society for Cell & Gene Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Impact of soluble tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand released by engineered adipose mesenchymal stromal cells on white blood cells / Casari, Giulia; Dall'Ora, Massimiliano; Melandri, Aurora; Masciale, Valentina; Chiavelli, Chiara; Prapa, Malvina; Neri, Giovanni; Spano, Maria Carlotta; Murgia, Alba; D'Esposito, Angela; Baschieri, Maria Cristina; Ceccherelli, Giovanni Battista; Dominici, Massimo; Grisendi, Giulia. - In: CYTOTHERAPY. - ISSN 1465-3249. - 25:6(2023), pp. 605-614. [10.1016/j.jcyt.2023.02.008]

Impact of soluble tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand released by engineered adipose mesenchymal stromal cells on white blood cells

Casari, Giulia;Dall'Ora, Massimiliano;Melandri, Aurora;Masciale, Valentina;Chiavelli, Chiara;Prapa, Malvina;Neri, Giovanni;Spano, Maria Carlotta;Murgia, Alba;Baschieri, Maria Cristina;Dominici, Massimo;Grisendi, Giulia
2023

Abstract

Background aims: The proapoptotic protein tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is physiologically expressed by immune cells and performs regulatory functions in infections, autoimmune diseases and cancer, where it acts as a tumor suppressor. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (AD-MSCs) also may play immunomodulatory roles in both primary and acquired immune responses. We have previously demonstrated the efficacy of an anticancer gene therapy based on AD-MSC engineered to secrete a soluble TRAIL variant (sTRAIL) against pancreatic cancer. However, the impact of AD-MSC sTRAIL on leukocyte subsets has been not yet considered also to predict a possible immunotoxicity profile in the clinical translation of this cell-based anticancer strategy. Methods: Monocytes, polymorphonuclear cells and T lymphocytes were freshly isolated from the peripheral blood of healthy donors. Immunophenotype and functional (DR4 and DR5) and decoy (DcR1 and DcR2) TRAIL receptors were tested by flow cytometry. The viability of white blood cells treated with sTRAIL released by gene-modified AD-MSC or co-cultured with AD-MSC sTRAIL was then evaluated by both metabolic assays and flow cytometry. In addition, cytokine profile in co-cultures was analyzed by multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results: Monocytes and polymorphonuclear cells showed high positivity for DR5 and DcR2, respectively, whereas T cells revealed negligible expression of all TRAIL receptors. Irrespective of TRAIL receptors' pres-ence on the cell membrane, white blood cells were refractory to the proapoptotic effect displayed by sTRAIL secreted by gene-modified AD-MSC, and direct cell-to-cell contact with AD-MSC sTRAIL had negligible impact on T-cell and monocyte viability. Cytokine crosstalk involving interleukin 10, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interferon gamma secreted by T lymphocytes and vascular endothelial growth factor A and inter-leukin 6 released by AD-MSC was highlighted in T-cell and AD-MSC sTRAIL co-cultures. Conclusions: In summary, this study demonstrates the immunological safety and thus the clinical feasibility of an anticancer approach based on AD-MSC expressing the proapoptotic molecule sTRAIL.(c) 2023 International Society for Cell & Gene Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
2023
25
6
605
614
Impact of soluble tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand released by engineered adipose mesenchymal stromal cells on white blood cells / Casari, Giulia; Dall'Ora, Massimiliano; Melandri, Aurora; Masciale, Valentina; Chiavelli, Chiara; Prapa, Malvina; Neri, Giovanni; Spano, Maria Carlotta; Murgia, Alba; D'Esposito, Angela; Baschieri, Maria Cristina; Ceccherelli, Giovanni Battista; Dominici, Massimo; Grisendi, Giulia. - In: CYTOTHERAPY. - ISSN 1465-3249. - 25:6(2023), pp. 605-614. [10.1016/j.jcyt.2023.02.008]
Casari, Giulia; Dall'Ora, Massimiliano; Melandri, Aurora; Masciale, Valentina; Chiavelli, Chiara; Prapa, Malvina; Neri, Giovanni; Spano, Maria Carlott...espandi
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S1465324923000610-main.pdf

Open access

Tipologia: Versione pubblicata dall'editore
Dimensione 1.79 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.79 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1337308
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact