This article presents a mechanism of action hypothesis to explain the rapid antidepressant effects of esmethadone (REL-1017) and other uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonists and presents a corresponding mechanism of disease hypothesis for major depressive disorder (MDD). Esmethadone and other uncompetitive NMDAR antagonists may restore physiological neural plasticity in animal models of depressive-like behavior and in patients with MDD via preferential tonic block of pathologically hyperactive GluN2D subtypes. Tonic Ca2+ currents via GluN2D subtypes regulate the homeostatic availability of synaptic proteins. MDD and depressive behaviors may be determined by reduced homeostatic availability of synaptic proteins, due to upregulated tonic Ca2+ currents through GluN2D subtypes. The preferential activity of low-potency NMDAR antagonists for GluN2D subtypes may explain their rapid antidepressant effects in the absence of dissociative side effects.

Esmethadone (REL-1017) and Other Uncompetitive NMDAR Channel Blockers May Improve Mood Disorders via Modulation of Synaptic Kinase-Mediated Signaling / Stahl, S. M.; De Martin, S.; Mattarei, A.; Bettini, E.; Pani, L.; Guidetti, C.; Folli, F.; de Somer, M.; Traversa, S.; Inturrisi, C. E.; Pappagallo, M.; Gentilucci, M.; Alimonti, A.; Fava, M.; Manfredi, P. L.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 23:20(2022), pp. 12196-12208. [10.3390/ijms232012196]

Esmethadone (REL-1017) and Other Uncompetitive NMDAR Channel Blockers May Improve Mood Disorders via Modulation of Synaptic Kinase-Mediated Signaling

Pani L.;
2022

Abstract

This article presents a mechanism of action hypothesis to explain the rapid antidepressant effects of esmethadone (REL-1017) and other uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonists and presents a corresponding mechanism of disease hypothesis for major depressive disorder (MDD). Esmethadone and other uncompetitive NMDAR antagonists may restore physiological neural plasticity in animal models of depressive-like behavior and in patients with MDD via preferential tonic block of pathologically hyperactive GluN2D subtypes. Tonic Ca2+ currents via GluN2D subtypes regulate the homeostatic availability of synaptic proteins. MDD and depressive behaviors may be determined by reduced homeostatic availability of synaptic proteins, due to upregulated tonic Ca2+ currents through GluN2D subtypes. The preferential activity of low-potency NMDAR antagonists for GluN2D subtypes may explain their rapid antidepressant effects in the absence of dissociative side effects.
2022
23
20
12196
12208
Esmethadone (REL-1017) and Other Uncompetitive NMDAR Channel Blockers May Improve Mood Disorders via Modulation of Synaptic Kinase-Mediated Signaling / Stahl, S. M.; De Martin, S.; Mattarei, A.; Bettini, E.; Pani, L.; Guidetti, C.; Folli, F.; de Somer, M.; Traversa, S.; Inturrisi, C. E.; Pappagallo, M.; Gentilucci, M.; Alimonti, A.; Fava, M.; Manfredi, P. L.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 23:20(2022), pp. 12196-12208. [10.3390/ijms232012196]
Stahl, S. M.; De Martin, S.; Mattarei, A.; Bettini, E.; Pani, L.; Guidetti, C.; Folli, F.; de Somer, M.; Traversa, S.; Inturrisi, C. E.; Pappagallo, M.; Gentilucci, M.; Alimonti, A.; Fava, M.; Manfredi, P. L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1315630
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