The local structure of the active sites is one of the key aspects of establishing the nature of the catalytic activity of the systems. In this work, a detailed structural investigation of the Rh-CeO2 catalysts prepared by the co-precipitation method was carried out. The application of a variety of physicochemical methods such as XRD, Raman spectroscopy, XPS, TEM, TPR-H2, and XAS revealed the presence of highly dispersed Rh3+ species in the catalysts: Rh3+ single ions and RhOx clusters. The substitution of Ce4+ ions by Rh3+ species, which provided a strong distortion of the CeO2 lattice, is shown. XAS data ensured the refinement of the Rh local structure. It was shown that single Rh3+ sites located next to each other can merge the formation of RhOx clusters with Rh local environment close to the one in Rh2O3 and CeRh2O5 oxides. The distortion of the CeO2 lattice around single and cluster rhodium species had a beneficial effect on the catalytic activity of the samples in low-temperature CO oxidation (LTO-CO). TEM, XAS, and in situ XRD data allowed establishing the structural transformations of the catalysts under Red-Ox treatments. The reduction treatment led to Rhn metallic cluster formation localized on defects of the reduced CeO2−δ. The reduced sample demonstrated efficient CO conversion at 0 °C. However, this system was not stable: its contact with air led to ceria reoxidation and partial reoxidation of Rh to highly dispersed Rh3+ species at room temperature, while heating in an oxidizing atmosphere resulted in the complete reoxidation of metallic rhodium species. The results of the work shed light on the structural aspects of the reversibility of the Rh-CeO2 catalysts based on the highly dispersed Rh3+ species under treatment in the reaction conditions.

Unraveling the low-temperature activity of Rh-CeO2 catalysts in CO oxidation: probing the local structure and Red-Ox transformation of Rh3+ species / Fedorova, E. A.; Kardash, T. Y.; Kibis, L. S.; Stonkus, O. A.; Slavinskaya, E. M.; Svetlichnyi, V. A.; Pollastri, S.; Boronin, A. I.. - In: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 1463-9076. - 25:4(2022), pp. 2862-2874. [10.1039/d2cp04503f]

Unraveling the low-temperature activity of Rh-CeO2 catalysts in CO oxidation: probing the local structure and Red-Ox transformation of Rh3+ species

Pollastri S.;
2022

Abstract

The local structure of the active sites is one of the key aspects of establishing the nature of the catalytic activity of the systems. In this work, a detailed structural investigation of the Rh-CeO2 catalysts prepared by the co-precipitation method was carried out. The application of a variety of physicochemical methods such as XRD, Raman spectroscopy, XPS, TEM, TPR-H2, and XAS revealed the presence of highly dispersed Rh3+ species in the catalysts: Rh3+ single ions and RhOx clusters. The substitution of Ce4+ ions by Rh3+ species, which provided a strong distortion of the CeO2 lattice, is shown. XAS data ensured the refinement of the Rh local structure. It was shown that single Rh3+ sites located next to each other can merge the formation of RhOx clusters with Rh local environment close to the one in Rh2O3 and CeRh2O5 oxides. The distortion of the CeO2 lattice around single and cluster rhodium species had a beneficial effect on the catalytic activity of the samples in low-temperature CO oxidation (LTO-CO). TEM, XAS, and in situ XRD data allowed establishing the structural transformations of the catalysts under Red-Ox treatments. The reduction treatment led to Rhn metallic cluster formation localized on defects of the reduced CeO2−δ. The reduced sample demonstrated efficient CO conversion at 0 °C. However, this system was not stable: its contact with air led to ceria reoxidation and partial reoxidation of Rh to highly dispersed Rh3+ species at room temperature, while heating in an oxidizing atmosphere resulted in the complete reoxidation of metallic rhodium species. The results of the work shed light on the structural aspects of the reversibility of the Rh-CeO2 catalysts based on the highly dispersed Rh3+ species under treatment in the reaction conditions.
2022
25
4
2862
2874
Unraveling the low-temperature activity of Rh-CeO2 catalysts in CO oxidation: probing the local structure and Red-Ox transformation of Rh3+ species / Fedorova, E. A.; Kardash, T. Y.; Kibis, L. S.; Stonkus, O. A.; Slavinskaya, E. M.; Svetlichnyi, V. A.; Pollastri, S.; Boronin, A. I.. - In: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 1463-9076. - 25:4(2022), pp. 2862-2874. [10.1039/d2cp04503f]
Fedorova, E. A.; Kardash, T. Y.; Kibis, L. S.; Stonkus, O. A.; Slavinskaya, E. M.; Svetlichnyi, V. A.; Pollastri, S.; Boronin, A. I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1307516
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