Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection remains a leading cause of sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis in infants. Rates of GBS early onset disease have declined following the widcespread use of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis; hence, late-onset infections (LOGBS) are currently a common presentation of neonatal GBS dicsease. The pathogenesis, mode of transmission, and risk factors associated with LOGBS are unclear, which interfere with effective prevention efforts. GBS may be transmitted from the mother to the infant at the time of delivery or during the postpartum period via contaminated breast milk, or as nosocomial or community-acquired infection. Maternal GBS colonization, pre-maturity, young maternal age, HIV exposure, and ethnicity (Black) are identified as risk factors for LOGBS disease; however, further studies are necessary to confirm additional risk factors, if any, for the implementation of effective prevention strategies. This narrative review discusses current and previous studies that have reported LOGBS. Few well-designed studies have described this condition; therefore, reliable assessment of maternal GBS colonization, breastfeeding, and twin delivery as risk factors for LOGBS remains limited.

Understanding factors in group b streptococcus late-onset disease / Berardi, A.; Trevisani, V.; Di Caprio, A.; Bua, J.; China, M.; Perrone, B.; Pagano, R.; Lucaccioni, L.; Fanaro, S.; Iughetti, L.; Lugli, L.; Creti, R.. - In: INFECTION AND DRUG RESISTANCE. - ISSN 1178-6973. - 14:(2021), pp. 3207-3218. [10.2147/IDR.S291511]

Understanding factors in group b streptococcus late-onset disease

Berardi A.;Trevisani V.;Di Caprio A.;China M.;Pagano R.;Lucaccioni L.;Iughetti L.;
2021

Abstract

Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection remains a leading cause of sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis in infants. Rates of GBS early onset disease have declined following the widcespread use of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis; hence, late-onset infections (LOGBS) are currently a common presentation of neonatal GBS dicsease. The pathogenesis, mode of transmission, and risk factors associated with LOGBS are unclear, which interfere with effective prevention efforts. GBS may be transmitted from the mother to the infant at the time of delivery or during the postpartum period via contaminated breast milk, or as nosocomial or community-acquired infection. Maternal GBS colonization, pre-maturity, young maternal age, HIV exposure, and ethnicity (Black) are identified as risk factors for LOGBS disease; however, further studies are necessary to confirm additional risk factors, if any, for the implementation of effective prevention strategies. This narrative review discusses current and previous studies that have reported LOGBS. Few well-designed studies have described this condition; therefore, reliable assessment of maternal GBS colonization, breastfeeding, and twin delivery as risk factors for LOGBS remains limited.
2021
14
3207
3218
Understanding factors in group b streptococcus late-onset disease / Berardi, A.; Trevisani, V.; Di Caprio, A.; Bua, J.; China, M.; Perrone, B.; Pagano, R.; Lucaccioni, L.; Fanaro, S.; Iughetti, L.; Lugli, L.; Creti, R.. - In: INFECTION AND DRUG RESISTANCE. - ISSN 1178-6973. - 14:(2021), pp. 3207-3218. [10.2147/IDR.S291511]
Berardi, A.; Trevisani, V.; Di Caprio, A.; Bua, J.; China, M.; Perrone, B.; Pagano, R.; Lucaccioni, L.; Fanaro, S.; Iughetti, L.; Lugli, L.; Creti, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1277131
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