Organic neuromorphic devices mimic signal processing features of biological synapses, with short-term plasticity, STP, modulated by the frequency of the input voltage pulses. Here, an artificial synapse, made of intracortical microelectrodes, is demonstrated that exhibits either depressive or facilitative STP. The crossover between the two STP regimes is controlled by the frequency of the input voltage. STP features are described with an equivalent circuit where an inductance component is introduced in parallel with the RC circuit associated with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT/PSS)||electrolyte interface. The proposed RLC circuit explains the physical origin of the observed STP and its two timescales in terms of charge build up in PEDOT/PSS.

Implantable Organic Artificial Synapses Exhibiting Crossover between Depressive and Facilitative Plasticity Response / Calandra Sebastianella, G.; Di Lauro, M.; Murgia, M.; Bianchi, M.; Carli, S.; Zoli, M.; Fadiga, L.; Biscarini, F.. - In: ADVANCED ELECTRONIC MATERIALS. - ISSN 2199-160X. - 7:12(2021), pp. 2100755-N/A. [10.1002/aelm.202100755]

Implantable Organic Artificial Synapses Exhibiting Crossover between Depressive and Facilitative Plasticity Response

Calandra Sebastianella G.
Investigation
;
Bianchi M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Zoli M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Biscarini F.
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Organic neuromorphic devices mimic signal processing features of biological synapses, with short-term plasticity, STP, modulated by the frequency of the input voltage pulses. Here, an artificial synapse, made of intracortical microelectrodes, is demonstrated that exhibits either depressive or facilitative STP. The crossover between the two STP regimes is controlled by the frequency of the input voltage. STP features are described with an equivalent circuit where an inductance component is introduced in parallel with the RC circuit associated with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT/PSS)||electrolyte interface. The proposed RLC circuit explains the physical origin of the observed STP and its two timescales in terms of charge build up in PEDOT/PSS.
2021
7
12
2100755
N/A
Implantable Organic Artificial Synapses Exhibiting Crossover between Depressive and Facilitative Plasticity Response / Calandra Sebastianella, G.; Di Lauro, M.; Murgia, M.; Bianchi, M.; Carli, S.; Zoli, M.; Fadiga, L.; Biscarini, F.. - In: ADVANCED ELECTRONIC MATERIALS. - ISSN 2199-160X. - 7:12(2021), pp. 2100755-N/A. [10.1002/aelm.202100755]
Calandra Sebastianella, G.; Di Lauro, M.; Murgia, M.; Bianchi, M.; Carli, S.; Zoli, M.; Fadiga, L.; Biscarini, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1270582
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