Purpose: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are episodes that may resemble epileptic seizures (ES) but are not associated with abnormal electrical discharges in the brain. Video-EEG recording of a typical episode is considered the best diagnostic tool available. PNES are, however, also documented in patients with epilepsy (PNES/ES). The purpose of this study was to assess this comorbid population, focusing on the differences between patients with PNES/ES and patients with PNES alone. Methods: We reviewed 110 PNES episodes, occurring spontaneously or induced by means of suggestion techniques, recorded in our video-EEG laboratory over a period of eight years. We identified two subgroups of patients, consisting of 85 PNES cases and 25 PNES/ES cases, and assessed any differences in their characteristics by reviewing a number of variables (age, sex, clinical features, antiepileptic therapy, age of onset, time to diagnosis, pathological history, and length of follow-up). Results: The comparison between the two subgroups revealed that PNES/ES patients displayed some statistically significant differences when compared with PNES alone patients, i.e., younger age, a higher percentage of spontaneously activated events, a shorter disease duration, a longer time to PNES diagnosis, and a lower percentage lost at follow-up. Conclusions: This study confirms that PNES is a common, though probably underestimated, occurrence in epilepsy services. Our results shed light on some different characteristics between PNES and PNES/ES patients. © 2006 International League Against Epilepsy.

Video-EEG study of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: Differential characteristics in patients with and without epilepsy / Mari, Francesco; Di Bonaventura, Carlo; Vanacore, Nicola; Fattouch, Jinane; Vaudano, Anna Elisabetta; Egeo, Gabriella; Berardelli, Alfredo; Manfredi, Mario; Prencipe, Massimiliano; Giallonardo, Anna Teresa. - In: EPILEPSIA. - ISSN 0013-9580. - 47:SUPPL. 5(2006), pp. 64-67. [10.1111/j.1528-1167.2006.00880.x]

Video-EEG study of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: Differential characteristics in patients with and without epilepsy

VAUDANO, Anna Elisabetta;
2006

Abstract

Purpose: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are episodes that may resemble epileptic seizures (ES) but are not associated with abnormal electrical discharges in the brain. Video-EEG recording of a typical episode is considered the best diagnostic tool available. PNES are, however, also documented in patients with epilepsy (PNES/ES). The purpose of this study was to assess this comorbid population, focusing on the differences between patients with PNES/ES and patients with PNES alone. Methods: We reviewed 110 PNES episodes, occurring spontaneously or induced by means of suggestion techniques, recorded in our video-EEG laboratory over a period of eight years. We identified two subgroups of patients, consisting of 85 PNES cases and 25 PNES/ES cases, and assessed any differences in their characteristics by reviewing a number of variables (age, sex, clinical features, antiepileptic therapy, age of onset, time to diagnosis, pathological history, and length of follow-up). Results: The comparison between the two subgroups revealed that PNES/ES patients displayed some statistically significant differences when compared with PNES alone patients, i.e., younger age, a higher percentage of spontaneously activated events, a shorter disease duration, a longer time to PNES diagnosis, and a lower percentage lost at follow-up. Conclusions: This study confirms that PNES is a common, though probably underestimated, occurrence in epilepsy services. Our results shed light on some different characteristics between PNES and PNES/ES patients. © 2006 International League Against Epilepsy.
47
SUPPL. 5
64
67
Video-EEG study of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: Differential characteristics in patients with and without epilepsy / Mari, Francesco; Di Bonaventura, Carlo; Vanacore, Nicola; Fattouch, Jinane; Vaudano, Anna Elisabetta; Egeo, Gabriella; Berardelli, Alfredo; Manfredi, Mario; Prencipe, Massimiliano; Giallonardo, Anna Teresa. - In: EPILEPSIA. - ISSN 0013-9580. - 47:SUPPL. 5(2006), pp. 64-67. [10.1111/j.1528-1167.2006.00880.x]
Mari, Francesco; Di Bonaventura, Carlo; Vanacore, Nicola; Fattouch, Jinane; Vaudano, Anna Elisabetta; Egeo, Gabriella; Berardelli, Alfredo; Manfredi, Mario; Prencipe, Massimiliano; Giallonardo, Anna Teresa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1268291
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