Background: Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are low immunogenic and hold immunomodulatory properties that, along with their well-established multi-potency, might enhance their potential application in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. The present study focused on the ability of DPSCs to modulate the inflammatory microenvironment through PD1/PD-L1 pathway. Methods: Inflammatory microenvironment was created in vitro by the activation of T cells isolated from healthy donors and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibodies. Direct and indirect co-cultures between DPSCs and PBMCs were carried out to evaluate the activation of immunomodulatory checkpoints in DPSCs and the inflammatory pattern in PBMCs. Results: Our data suggest that the inflammatory stimuli trigger DPSCs immunoregulatory functions that can be exerted by both direct and indirect contact. As demonstrated by using a selective PD-L1 inhibitor, DPSCs were able to activate compensatory pathways targeting to orchestrate the inflammatory process by modulating pro-inflammatory cytokines in pre-activated T lymphocytes. The involvement of PD-L1 mechanism was also observed in autologous inflammatory status (pulpitis) and after direct exposure to pre-activated T cells from RA patients suggesting that immunomodulatory/anti-inflammatory properties are strictly related to their stemness status. Conclusions: Our findings point out that the communication with the inflammatory microenvironment is essential in licensing their immunomodulatory properties.

Role of PD-L1 in licensing immunoregulatory function of dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells / Di Tinco, R.; Bertani, G.; Pisciotta, A.; Bertoni, L.; Pignatti, E.; Maccaferri, M.; Bertacchini, J.; Sena, P.; Vallarola, A.; Tupler, R.; Croci, S.; Bonacini, M.; Salvarani, C.; Carnevale, G.. - In: STEM CELL RESEARCH & THERAPY. - ISSN 1757-6512. - 12:1(2021), pp. 598-604. [10.1186/s13287-021-02664-4]

Role of PD-L1 in licensing immunoregulatory function of dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells

Di Tinco R.;Bertoni L.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pignatti E.;Maccaferri M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Bertacchini J.;Sena P.;Vallarola A.;Tupler R.;Salvarani C.;Carnevale G.
2021

Abstract

Background: Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are low immunogenic and hold immunomodulatory properties that, along with their well-established multi-potency, might enhance their potential application in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. The present study focused on the ability of DPSCs to modulate the inflammatory microenvironment through PD1/PD-L1 pathway. Methods: Inflammatory microenvironment was created in vitro by the activation of T cells isolated from healthy donors and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibodies. Direct and indirect co-cultures between DPSCs and PBMCs were carried out to evaluate the activation of immunomodulatory checkpoints in DPSCs and the inflammatory pattern in PBMCs. Results: Our data suggest that the inflammatory stimuli trigger DPSCs immunoregulatory functions that can be exerted by both direct and indirect contact. As demonstrated by using a selective PD-L1 inhibitor, DPSCs were able to activate compensatory pathways targeting to orchestrate the inflammatory process by modulating pro-inflammatory cytokines in pre-activated T lymphocytes. The involvement of PD-L1 mechanism was also observed in autologous inflammatory status (pulpitis) and after direct exposure to pre-activated T cells from RA patients suggesting that immunomodulatory/anti-inflammatory properties are strictly related to their stemness status. Conclusions: Our findings point out that the communication with the inflammatory microenvironment is essential in licensing their immunomodulatory properties.
12
1
598
604
Role of PD-L1 in licensing immunoregulatory function of dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells / Di Tinco, R.; Bertani, G.; Pisciotta, A.; Bertoni, L.; Pignatti, E.; Maccaferri, M.; Bertacchini, J.; Sena, P.; Vallarola, A.; Tupler, R.; Croci, S.; Bonacini, M.; Salvarani, C.; Carnevale, G.. - In: STEM CELL RESEARCH & THERAPY. - ISSN 1757-6512. - 12:1(2021), pp. 598-604. [10.1186/s13287-021-02664-4]
Di Tinco, R.; Bertani, G.; Pisciotta, A.; Bertoni, L.; Pignatti, E.; Maccaferri, M.; Bertacchini, J.; Sena, P.; Vallarola, A.; Tupler, R.; Croci, S.; Bonacini, M.; Salvarani, C.; Carnevale, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1257337
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