The autosomal dominant striated muscle disease myoglobinopathy is due to the single point mutation His98Tyr in human myoglobin (MB) [Olivè et al. Nat. Comm, 2019, 10, 1396], the heme-protein responsible for binding, storage and controlled release of O2 in striated muscle. In order to understand the molecular bases of this disease, a comprehensive biochemical and biophysical study on wt MB and the variant H98Y has been performed. Although only small differences exist between the active site architectures of the two proteins, the mutant exhibits an (i) increased reactivity towards hydrogen peroxide, (ii) a higher tendency to form high-molecular weight aggregates and (iii) is more prone to heme bleaching, possibly as a consequence of the observed H2O2-induced formation of the Tyr98 radical close to the metal center. These effects add to the impaired oxygen binding capacity and faster heme dissociation of the H98Y variant compared to wt MB. As the above effects result from bond formation/cleavage events occurring at the distal and proximal heme sites, it appears that the molecular determinants of the disease are localized there. These findings set the bases for clarifying the onset of the cascade of chemical events that are responsible for the pathological symptoms of myoglobinopathy.

Pseudoperoxidase activity, conformational stability and aggregation propensity of the His98Tyr myoglobin variant. Implications for the onset of myoglobinopathy / Hofbauer, Stefan; Pignataro, Marcello; Borsari, Marco; Bortolotti, Carlo; Di Rocco, Giulia; Ravenscroft, Gianina; Furtmüller, Paul; Obinger, Christian; Sola, Marco; Battistuzzi, Gianantonio. - In: THE FEBS JOURNAL. - ISSN 1742-4658. - 289:1(2021), pp. 1105-1117. [10.1111/febs.16235]

Pseudoperoxidase activity, conformational stability and aggregation propensity of the His98Tyr myoglobin variant. Implications for the onset of myoglobinopathy.

Pignataro, Marcello
Investigation
;
Borsari, Marco
Methodology
;
Bortolotti, Carlo
Methodology
;
Di Rocco, Giulia
Investigation
;
Sola, Marco
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Battistuzzi, Gianantonio
Conceptualization
2021-01-01

Abstract

The autosomal dominant striated muscle disease myoglobinopathy is due to the single point mutation His98Tyr in human myoglobin (MB) [Olivè et al. Nat. Comm, 2019, 10, 1396], the heme-protein responsible for binding, storage and controlled release of O2 in striated muscle. In order to understand the molecular bases of this disease, a comprehensive biochemical and biophysical study on wt MB and the variant H98Y has been performed. Although only small differences exist between the active site architectures of the two proteins, the mutant exhibits an (i) increased reactivity towards hydrogen peroxide, (ii) a higher tendency to form high-molecular weight aggregates and (iii) is more prone to heme bleaching, possibly as a consequence of the observed H2O2-induced formation of the Tyr98 radical close to the metal center. These effects add to the impaired oxygen binding capacity and faster heme dissociation of the H98Y variant compared to wt MB. As the above effects result from bond formation/cleavage events occurring at the distal and proximal heme sites, it appears that the molecular determinants of the disease are localized there. These findings set the bases for clarifying the onset of the cascade of chemical events that are responsible for the pathological symptoms of myoglobinopathy.
22-ott-2021
289
1
1105
1117
Pseudoperoxidase activity, conformational stability and aggregation propensity of the His98Tyr myoglobin variant. Implications for the onset of myoglobinopathy / Hofbauer, Stefan; Pignataro, Marcello; Borsari, Marco; Bortolotti, Carlo; Di Rocco, Giulia; Ravenscroft, Gianina; Furtmüller, Paul; Obinger, Christian; Sola, Marco; Battistuzzi, Gianantonio. - In: THE FEBS JOURNAL. - ISSN 1742-4658. - 289:1(2021), pp. 1105-1117. [10.1111/febs.16235]
Hofbauer, Stefan; Pignataro, Marcello; Borsari, Marco; Bortolotti, Carlo; Di Rocco, Giulia; Ravenscroft, Gianina; Furtmüller, Paul; Obinger, Christian; Sola, Marco; Battistuzzi, Gianantonio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1257113
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