Three open-source anti-kinetoplastid chemical boxes derived from a whole-cell phenotypic screening by GlaxoSmithKline (Tres Cantos Anti-Kinetoplastid Screening, TCAKS) were exploited for the discovery of a novel core structure inspiring new treatments of parasitic diseases targeting the trypansosmatidic pteridine reductase 1 (PTR1) and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) enzymes. In total, 592 compounds were tested through medium-throughput screening assays. A subset of 14 compounds successfully inhibited the enzyme activity in the low micromolar range of at least one of the enzymes from both Trypanosoma brucei and Lesihmania major parasites (pan-inhibitors), or from both PTR1 and DHFR-TS of the same parasite (dual inhibitors). Molecular docking studies of the protein–ligand interaction focused on new scaffolds not reproducing the well-known antifolate core clearly explaining the experimental data. TCMDC-143249, classified as a benzenesulfonamide derivative by the QikProp descriptor tool, showed selective inhibition of PTR1 and growth inhibition of the kinetoplastid parasites in the 5 µM range. In our work, we enlarged the biological profile of the GSK Kinetobox and identified new core structures inhibiting selectively PTR1, effective against the kinetoplastid infectious protozoans. In perspective, we foresee the development of selective PTR1 and DHFR inhibitors for studies of drug combinations.

Repurposing the trypanosomatidic gsk kinetobox for the inhibition of parasitic pteridine and dihydrofolate reductases / Santucci, M.; Luciani, R.; Gianquinto, E.; Pozzi, C.; Di Pisa, F.; Dello Iacono, L.; Landi, G.; Tagliazucchi, L.; Mangani, S.; Spyrakis, F.; Costi, M. P.. - In: PHARMACEUTICALS. - ISSN 1424-8247. - 14:12(2021), pp. 1246-1250. [10.3390/ph14121246]

Repurposing the trypanosomatidic gsk kinetobox for the inhibition of parasitic pteridine and dihydrofolate reductases

Santucci M.;Luciani R.;Pozzi C.;Landi G.;Tagliazucchi L.;Spyrakis F.;Costi M. P.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Three open-source anti-kinetoplastid chemical boxes derived from a whole-cell phenotypic screening by GlaxoSmithKline (Tres Cantos Anti-Kinetoplastid Screening, TCAKS) were exploited for the discovery of a novel core structure inspiring new treatments of parasitic diseases targeting the trypansosmatidic pteridine reductase 1 (PTR1) and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) enzymes. In total, 592 compounds were tested through medium-throughput screening assays. A subset of 14 compounds successfully inhibited the enzyme activity in the low micromolar range of at least one of the enzymes from both Trypanosoma brucei and Lesihmania major parasites (pan-inhibitors), or from both PTR1 and DHFR-TS of the same parasite (dual inhibitors). Molecular docking studies of the protein–ligand interaction focused on new scaffolds not reproducing the well-known antifolate core clearly explaining the experimental data. TCMDC-143249, classified as a benzenesulfonamide derivative by the QikProp descriptor tool, showed selective inhibition of PTR1 and growth inhibition of the kinetoplastid parasites in the 5 µM range. In our work, we enlarged the biological profile of the GSK Kinetobox and identified new core structures inhibiting selectively PTR1, effective against the kinetoplastid infectious protozoans. In perspective, we foresee the development of selective PTR1 and DHFR inhibitors for studies of drug combinations.
30-nov-2021
14
12
1246
1250
Repurposing the trypanosomatidic gsk kinetobox for the inhibition of parasitic pteridine and dihydrofolate reductases / Santucci, M.; Luciani, R.; Gianquinto, E.; Pozzi, C.; Di Pisa, F.; Dello Iacono, L.; Landi, G.; Tagliazucchi, L.; Mangani, S.; Spyrakis, F.; Costi, M. P.. - In: PHARMACEUTICALS. - ISSN 1424-8247. - 14:12(2021), pp. 1246-1250. [10.3390/ph14121246]
Santucci, M.; Luciani, R.; Gianquinto, E.; Pozzi, C.; Di Pisa, F.; Dello Iacono, L.; Landi, G.; Tagliazucchi, L.; Mangani, S.; Spyrakis, F.; Costi, M. P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1256702
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