The availability of quantum microprocessors is mandatory, to efficiently run those quantum al-gorithms promising a radical leap forward in computation capability. Silicon-based nanostruc-tured qubits appear today as a very interesting approach, because of their higher information density, longer coherence times, fast operation gates, and compatibility with the actual CMOS technology. In particular, thanks to their phase noise properties, the actual CMOS RFIC Phase-Locked Loops (PLL) and Phase-Locked Oscillators (PLO) are interesting circuits to synthe-size control signals for spintronic qubits. In a quantum microprocessor, these circuits should op-erate close to the qubits, that is, at cryogenic temperatures. The lack of commercial cryogenic Design Kits (DK) may make the interface between the Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO) and the Frequency Divider (FD) a serious issue. Nevertheless, currently this issue has not been sys-tematically addressed in the literature. The aim of the present paper is to investigate the VCO/FD interface when the temperature drops from room to cryogenic. To this purpose, physi-cal models of electronics passive/active devices and equivalent circuits of VCO and the FD were developed at room and cryogenic temperatures. The modeling activity has led to design guide-lines for the VCO/FD interface, useful in the absence of cryogenic DKs.

On the VCO/Frequency Divider Interface in Cryogenic CMOS PLL for Quantum Computing Applications / Gira, G.; Ferraro, E.; Borgarino, M.. - In: ELECTRONICS. - ISSN 2079-9292. - 10:(2021), pp. 1-20. [10.3390/electronics10192404]

On the VCO/Frequency Divider Interface in Cryogenic CMOS PLL for Quantum Computing Applications

G. Gira;M. Borgarino
2021

Abstract

The availability of quantum microprocessors is mandatory, to efficiently run those quantum al-gorithms promising a radical leap forward in computation capability. Silicon-based nanostruc-tured qubits appear today as a very interesting approach, because of their higher information density, longer coherence times, fast operation gates, and compatibility with the actual CMOS technology. In particular, thanks to their phase noise properties, the actual CMOS RFIC Phase-Locked Loops (PLL) and Phase-Locked Oscillators (PLO) are interesting circuits to synthe-size control signals for spintronic qubits. In a quantum microprocessor, these circuits should op-erate close to the qubits, that is, at cryogenic temperatures. The lack of commercial cryogenic Design Kits (DK) may make the interface between the Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO) and the Frequency Divider (FD) a serious issue. Nevertheless, currently this issue has not been sys-tematically addressed in the literature. The aim of the present paper is to investigate the VCO/FD interface when the temperature drops from room to cryogenic. To this purpose, physi-cal models of electronics passive/active devices and equivalent circuits of VCO and the FD were developed at room and cryogenic temperatures. The modeling activity has led to design guide-lines for the VCO/FD interface, useful in the absence of cryogenic DKs.
2021
1-ott-2021
10
1
20
On the VCO/Frequency Divider Interface in Cryogenic CMOS PLL for Quantum Computing Applications / Gira, G.; Ferraro, E.; Borgarino, M.. - In: ELECTRONICS. - ISSN 2079-9292. - 10:(2021), pp. 1-20. [10.3390/electronics10192404]
Gira, G.; Ferraro, E.; Borgarino, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1254937
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