Lung fibrosis results from the synergic interplay between regenerative deficits of the alveolar epithelium and dysregulated mechanisms of repair in response to alveolar and vascular damage, followed by progressive fibroblast and myofibroblast proliferation and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix. The increased parenchymal stiffness of fibrotic lungs significantly affects respiratory mechanics, making the lung more fragile and prone to non-physiological stress during spontaneous breathing and mechanical ventilation. Given their parenchymal inhomogeneity, fibrotic lungs may display an anisotropic response to mechanical stresses with different regional deformations (micro-strain). This behavior is not described by the standard stress-strain curve but follows the mechano-elastic models of “squishy balls”, where the elastic limit can be reached due to the excessive deformation of parenchymal areas with normal elasticity, surrounded by inelastic fibrous tissue or collapsed induration areas, which tend to protrude outside the fibrous ring. Increasing evidence has shown that non-physiological mechanical forces applied to fibrotic lungs with as34 sociated abnormal mechanotransduction could favor the progression of pulmonary fibrosis. With this review we aim at summarizing the state of the art on the relation between mechanical forces acting on the lung and biological response in pulmonary fibrosis, with a focus on the progression of damage in the fibrotic lung during spontaneous breathing and assisted ventilatory support.

Pulmonary stretch and lung mechanotransduction: Implications for progression in the fibrotic lung / Marchioni, A; Tonelli, R; Cerri, S; Castaniere, I; Andrisani, D; Gozzi, F; Bruzzi, G; Manicardi, L; Moretti, A; Demurtas, J; Baroncini, S; Andreani, A; Cappiello, G; Busani, S; Fantini, R; Tabbì, L; Samarelli, A; Clini, E.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 22:12(2021), pp. 1-14. [10.3390/ijms22126443]

Pulmonary stretch and lung mechanotransduction: Implications for progression in the fibrotic lung

Marchioni, A;Tonelli, R;Cerri, S;Castaniere, I;Andrisani, D;Gozzi, F;Bruzzi, G;Manicardi, L;Demurtas, J;Baroncini, S;Andreani, A;Cappiello, G;Busani, S;Samarelli, A;Clini, E.
2021

Abstract

Lung fibrosis results from the synergic interplay between regenerative deficits of the alveolar epithelium and dysregulated mechanisms of repair in response to alveolar and vascular damage, followed by progressive fibroblast and myofibroblast proliferation and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix. The increased parenchymal stiffness of fibrotic lungs significantly affects respiratory mechanics, making the lung more fragile and prone to non-physiological stress during spontaneous breathing and mechanical ventilation. Given their parenchymal inhomogeneity, fibrotic lungs may display an anisotropic response to mechanical stresses with different regional deformations (micro-strain). This behavior is not described by the standard stress-strain curve but follows the mechano-elastic models of “squishy balls”, where the elastic limit can be reached due to the excessive deformation of parenchymal areas with normal elasticity, surrounded by inelastic fibrous tissue or collapsed induration areas, which tend to protrude outside the fibrous ring. Increasing evidence has shown that non-physiological mechanical forces applied to fibrotic lungs with as34 sociated abnormal mechanotransduction could favor the progression of pulmonary fibrosis. With this review we aim at summarizing the state of the art on the relation between mechanical forces acting on the lung and biological response in pulmonary fibrosis, with a focus on the progression of damage in the fibrotic lung during spontaneous breathing and assisted ventilatory support.
2021
16-giu-2021
22
12
1
14
Pulmonary stretch and lung mechanotransduction: Implications for progression in the fibrotic lung / Marchioni, A; Tonelli, R; Cerri, S; Castaniere, I; Andrisani, D; Gozzi, F; Bruzzi, G; Manicardi, L; Moretti, A; Demurtas, J; Baroncini, S; Andreani, A; Cappiello, G; Busani, S; Fantini, R; Tabbì, L; Samarelli, A; Clini, E.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 22:12(2021), pp. 1-14. [10.3390/ijms22126443]
Marchioni, A; Tonelli, R; Cerri, S; Castaniere, I; Andrisani, D; Gozzi, F; Bruzzi, G; Manicardi, L; Moretti, A; Demurtas, J; Baroncini, S; Andreani, A...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1246722
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