The aim of this study was to evaluate both positive outcomes, including reduction of respiratory support aid and duration of hospital stay, and negative ones, including mortality and a composite of invasive mechanical ventilation or death, in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia treated with or without oral darunavir/cobicistat (DRV/c, 800/150mg/day) used in different treatment durations. The secondary objective was to evaluate the percentage of patients treated with DRV/c who were exposed to potentially severe drug-drug interactions (DDIs) and died during hospitalization. This observational retrospective study was conducted in consecutive patients with COVID-19 pneumonia admitted to a tertiary care hospital in Modena, Italy. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to compare patients receiving standard of care with or without DRV/c. Adjustment for key confounders was applied. Two hundred seventy-three patients (115 on DRV/c) were included, 75.8% males, mean age was 64.6 (±13.2) years. Clinical improvement was similar between the groups, depicted by respiratory aid switch (p>.05). The same was observed for duration of hospital stay [13.2 (±8.9) for DRV/c vs. 13.4 (±7.2) days for no-DRV/c, p=.9]. Patients on DRV/c had higher rates of mortality (25.2% vs. 10.1%, p<.0001. The rate of composite outcome of mechanical ventilation and death was higher in the DRV/c group (37.4% vs. 25.3%, p=.03). Multiple serious DDI associated with DRV/c were observed in the 19 patients who died. DRV/c should not be recommended as a treatment option for COVID-19 pneumonia outside clinical trials.
Darunavir/Cobicistat Is Associated with Negative Outcomes in HIV-Negative Patients with Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia / Milic, Jovana; Novella, Alessio; Meschiari, Marianna; Menozzi, Marianna; Santoro, Antonella; Bedini, Andrea; Cuomo, Gianluca; Franceschini, Erica; Digaetano, Margherita; Carli, Federica; Ciusa, Giacomo; Volpi, Sara; Bacca, Erica; Franceschi, Giacomo; Yaacoub, Dina; Rogati, Carlotta; Tutone, Marco; Burastero, Giulia; Faltoni, Matteo; Iadisernia, Vittorio; Dolci, Giovanni; Cossarizza, Andrea; Mussini, Cristina; Pasina, Luca; Guaraldi, Giovanni. - In: AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES. - ISSN 0889-2229. - 37:4(2021), pp. 283-291. [10.1089/AID.2020.0305]