Immune checkpoint inhibitors are used for treating patients with metastatic melanoma. Since the response to treatment is variable, biomarkers are urgently needed to identify patients who may benefit from such therapy. Here, we combine single-cell RNA-sequencing and multiparameter flow cytometry to assess changes in circulating CD8+ T cells in 28 patients with metastatic melanoma starting anti-PD-1 therapy, followed for 6 months: 17 responded to therapy, whilst 11 did not. Proportions of activated and proliferating CD8+ T cells and of mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are significantly higher in responders, prior to and throughout therapy duration. MAIT cells from responders express higher level of CXCR4 and produce more granzyme B. In silico analysis support MAIT presence in the tumor microenvironment. Finally, patients with >1.7% of MAIT among peripheral CD8+ population show a better response to treatment. Our results thus suggest that MAIT cells may be considered a biomarker for patients responding to anti-PD-1 therapy.

Circulating mucosal-associated invariant T cells identify patients responding to anti-PD-1 therapy / De Biasi, S.; Gibellini, L.; Lo Tartaro, D.; Puccio, S.; Rabacchi, C.; Mazza, E. M. C.; Brummelman, J.; Williams, B.; Kaihara, K.; Forcato, M.; Bicciato, S.; Pinti, M.; Depenni, R.; Sabbatini, R.; Longo, C.; Dominici, M.; Pellacani, G.; Lugli, E.; Cossarizza, A.. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 12:1(2021), pp. 1669-1680. [10.1038/s41467-021-21928-4]

Circulating mucosal-associated invariant T cells identify patients responding to anti-PD-1 therapy

De Biasi S.;Gibellini L.;Lo Tartaro D.;Rabacchi C.;Mazza E. M. C.;Forcato M.;Bicciato S.;Pinti M.;Depenni R.;Longo C.;Dominici M.;Cossarizza A.
2021

Abstract

Immune checkpoint inhibitors are used for treating patients with metastatic melanoma. Since the response to treatment is variable, biomarkers are urgently needed to identify patients who may benefit from such therapy. Here, we combine single-cell RNA-sequencing and multiparameter flow cytometry to assess changes in circulating CD8+ T cells in 28 patients with metastatic melanoma starting anti-PD-1 therapy, followed for 6 months: 17 responded to therapy, whilst 11 did not. Proportions of activated and proliferating CD8+ T cells and of mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are significantly higher in responders, prior to and throughout therapy duration. MAIT cells from responders express higher level of CXCR4 and produce more granzyme B. In silico analysis support MAIT presence in the tumor microenvironment. Finally, patients with >1.7% of MAIT among peripheral CD8+ population show a better response to treatment. Our results thus suggest that MAIT cells may be considered a biomarker for patients responding to anti-PD-1 therapy.
2021
12
1
1669
1680
Circulating mucosal-associated invariant T cells identify patients responding to anti-PD-1 therapy / De Biasi, S.; Gibellini, L.; Lo Tartaro, D.; Puccio, S.; Rabacchi, C.; Mazza, E. M. C.; Brummelman, J.; Williams, B.; Kaihara, K.; Forcato, M.; Bicciato, S.; Pinti, M.; Depenni, R.; Sabbatini, R.; Longo, C.; Dominici, M.; Pellacani, G.; Lugli, E.; Cossarizza, A.. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 12:1(2021), pp. 1669-1680. [10.1038/s41467-021-21928-4]
De Biasi, S.; Gibellini, L.; Lo Tartaro, D.; Puccio, S.; Rabacchi, C.; Mazza, E. M. C.; Brummelman, J.; Williams, B.; Kaihara, K.; Forcato, M.; Bicciato, S.; Pinti, M.; Depenni, R.; Sabbatini, R.; Longo, C.; Dominici, M.; Pellacani, G.; Lugli, E.; Cossarizza, A.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
nat comm 2021.pdf

Open access

Tipologia: Versione pubblicata dall'editore
Dimensione 4.11 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.11 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1239244
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 28
  • Scopus 34
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 32
social impact