Soot engine-out emissions are no longer a prerogative of Diesel engines. Emission regulations related to Gasoline units aim to curb the soot emissions along with other pollutants. In this scenario, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a very promising research and development tool to explore the influence of engine design and operational parameters, as well as of the fuel chemical nature, on the particulate matter formation. Among the soot models, the Sectional Method is an advanced resource to provide information on Particle Number, Particulate Mass and Particle Size Distribution. In this study, the Sectional Method is applied in conjunction with a customized soot library, where the source terms governing the soot sections transport equations are stored. The library is computed via chemical kinetics simulation of a 0D constant pressure reactor, which provides fuel-related coefficients for each individual source term over the entire range of conditions experienced by the 3D-CFD model. 3D-CFD simulations are then carried out for three different injection timings without case-by-case tuning. Numerical results are then compared to the experimental dataset by using a consistent methodology. A satisfactory agreement between 3D-CFD results and experimental measurements is reached for soot mass and particle numbers, while the particle size distribution function is only partially reproduced. Soot-related quantities are thoroughly analyzed for each of the examined injection strategies to understand the mechanisms leading to soot formation and emissions.

Quantitative investigation on the impact of injection timing on soot formation in a GDI engine with a customized sectional method / Fontanesi, S.; Del Pecchia, M.; Pessina, V.; Sparacino, S.; Di Iorio, S.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINE RESEARCH. - ISSN 1468-0874. - (2021), pp. 1-14. [10.1177/1468087421993955]

Quantitative investigation on the impact of injection timing on soot formation in a GDI engine with a customized sectional method

Fontanesi S.;Del Pecchia M.;Pessina V.;Sparacino S.;
2021

Abstract

Soot engine-out emissions are no longer a prerogative of Diesel engines. Emission regulations related to Gasoline units aim to curb the soot emissions along with other pollutants. In this scenario, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a very promising research and development tool to explore the influence of engine design and operational parameters, as well as of the fuel chemical nature, on the particulate matter formation. Among the soot models, the Sectional Method is an advanced resource to provide information on Particle Number, Particulate Mass and Particle Size Distribution. In this study, the Sectional Method is applied in conjunction with a customized soot library, where the source terms governing the soot sections transport equations are stored. The library is computed via chemical kinetics simulation of a 0D constant pressure reactor, which provides fuel-related coefficients for each individual source term over the entire range of conditions experienced by the 3D-CFD model. 3D-CFD simulations are then carried out for three different injection timings without case-by-case tuning. Numerical results are then compared to the experimental dataset by using a consistent methodology. A satisfactory agreement between 3D-CFD results and experimental measurements is reached for soot mass and particle numbers, while the particle size distribution function is only partially reproduced. Soot-related quantities are thoroughly analyzed for each of the examined injection strategies to understand the mechanisms leading to soot formation and emissions.
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Quantitative investigation on the impact of injection timing on soot formation in a GDI engine with a customized sectional method / Fontanesi, S.; Del Pecchia, M.; Pessina, V.; Sparacino, S.; Di Iorio, S.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINE RESEARCH. - ISSN 1468-0874. - (2021), pp. 1-14. [10.1177/1468087421993955]
Fontanesi, S.; Del Pecchia, M.; Pessina, V.; Sparacino, S.; Di Iorio, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1239019
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