The outbreak of a new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), which is responsible for the COVID-19 disease and is spreading rapidly around the world, urgently requires effective therapeutic treatments. In this context, drug repurposing represents a valuable strategy, as it enables accelerating the identification of drug candidates with already known safety profiles, possibly aiding in the late stages of clinical evaluation. Moreover, therapeutic treatments based on drugs with beneficial multi-target activities (polypharmacology) may show an increased antiviral activity or help to counteract severe complications concurrently affecting COVID-19 patients. In this study, we present the results of a computational drug repurposing campaign that aimed at identifying potential inhibitors of the main protease (Mpro) of the SARS-CoV-2. The performed in silico screening allowed the identification of 22 candidates with putative SARS-CoV-2 Mpro inhibitory activity. Interestingly, some of the identified compounds have recently entered clinical trials for COVID-19 treatment, albeit not being assayed for their SARS-CoV-2 antiviral activity. Some candidates present a polypharmacology profile that may be beneficial for COVID-19 treatment and, to the best of our knowledge, have never been considered in clinical trials. For each repurposed compound, its therapeutic relevance and potential beneficial polypharmacological effects that may arise due to its original therapeutic indication are thoroughly discussed.

Drug Repurposing and Polypharmacology to Fight SARS-CoV-2 Through Inhibition of the Main Protease / Pinzi, Luca; Tinivella, Annachiara; Caporuscio, Fabiana; Rastelli, Giulio. - In: FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 1663-9812. - 12:(2021), pp. 1-11. [10.3389/fphar.2021.636989]

Drug Repurposing and Polypharmacology to Fight SARS-CoV-2 Through Inhibition of the Main Protease

Pinzi, Luca;Tinivella, Annachiara;Caporuscio, Fabiana;Rastelli, Giulio
2021

Abstract

The outbreak of a new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), which is responsible for the COVID-19 disease and is spreading rapidly around the world, urgently requires effective therapeutic treatments. In this context, drug repurposing represents a valuable strategy, as it enables accelerating the identification of drug candidates with already known safety profiles, possibly aiding in the late stages of clinical evaluation. Moreover, therapeutic treatments based on drugs with beneficial multi-target activities (polypharmacology) may show an increased antiviral activity or help to counteract severe complications concurrently affecting COVID-19 patients. In this study, we present the results of a computational drug repurposing campaign that aimed at identifying potential inhibitors of the main protease (Mpro) of the SARS-CoV-2. The performed in silico screening allowed the identification of 22 candidates with putative SARS-CoV-2 Mpro inhibitory activity. Interestingly, some of the identified compounds have recently entered clinical trials for COVID-19 treatment, albeit not being assayed for their SARS-CoV-2 antiviral activity. Some candidates present a polypharmacology profile that may be beneficial for COVID-19 treatment and, to the best of our knowledge, have never been considered in clinical trials. For each repurposed compound, its therapeutic relevance and potential beneficial polypharmacological effects that may arise due to its original therapeutic indication are thoroughly discussed.
12
1
11
Drug Repurposing and Polypharmacology to Fight SARS-CoV-2 Through Inhibition of the Main Protease / Pinzi, Luca; Tinivella, Annachiara; Caporuscio, Fabiana; Rastelli, Giulio. - In: FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 1663-9812. - 12:(2021), pp. 1-11. [10.3389/fphar.2021.636989]
Pinzi, Luca; Tinivella, Annachiara; Caporuscio, Fabiana; Rastelli, Giulio
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Drug Repurposing and Polypharmacology to Fight SARS-CoV-2 Through Inhibition of the Main Protease.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione dell'editore (versione pubblicata)
Dimensione 1.95 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.95 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1238544
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 14
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact