Sixty-nine Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria were isolated and identified from Italian dairy products (raw milk, cream, butter, soft cheese and yoghurt) to find new antimicrobial compounds to use as food bio-preservatives. All the isolates were preliminarily screened by the deferred antagonism method for bacteriocin production. Afterwards, to evaluate the release of bacteriocin in liquid medium, the Cell-Free Supernatant Fluid (CFSF) of the best producers was tested by agar well diusion assay. The study allowed the selection of three bacteriocin producing strains (Enterococcus faecium E23, Bifidobacterium thermophilum B23 and Lactobacillus bulgaricus L21), endowed with the strongest and broadest inhibitory capability against the pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. The molecular characteristics and the chemical–physical properties of both producers and the respective bacteriocins were studied and compared. The results showed that E. faecium E23 was the best producer strain and its class IIa bacteriocins, called enterocin E23, exhibited a good spectrum of activity towards L. monocytogenes. Enterocin E23 was stable over a wide range of pH and at low temperatures for at least four months and, for this reason, it can be employed in refrigerated foods for the control of L. monocytogenes, the major concern in dairy products.

Antilisterial Activity of Bacteriocins Produced by Lactic Bacteria Isolated from Dairy Products / De Niederhausern, Simona; Camellini, Stefania; Sabia, Carla; Iseppi, Ramona; Bondi, Moreno; Messi, Patrizia. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 9:12(2020), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/foods9121757]

Antilisterial Activity of Bacteriocins Produced by Lactic Bacteria Isolated from Dairy Products

Simona de Niederhäusern
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Stefania Camellini
Methodology
;
Carla Sabia
Supervision
;
Ramona Iseppi
Project Administration
;
Patrizia Messi
Supervision
2020

Abstract

Sixty-nine Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria were isolated and identified from Italian dairy products (raw milk, cream, butter, soft cheese and yoghurt) to find new antimicrobial compounds to use as food bio-preservatives. All the isolates were preliminarily screened by the deferred antagonism method for bacteriocin production. Afterwards, to evaluate the release of bacteriocin in liquid medium, the Cell-Free Supernatant Fluid (CFSF) of the best producers was tested by agar well diusion assay. The study allowed the selection of three bacteriocin producing strains (Enterococcus faecium E23, Bifidobacterium thermophilum B23 and Lactobacillus bulgaricus L21), endowed with the strongest and broadest inhibitory capability against the pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. The molecular characteristics and the chemical–physical properties of both producers and the respective bacteriocins were studied and compared. The results showed that E. faecium E23 was the best producer strain and its class IIa bacteriocins, called enterocin E23, exhibited a good spectrum of activity towards L. monocytogenes. Enterocin E23 was stable over a wide range of pH and at low temperatures for at least four months and, for this reason, it can be employed in refrigerated foods for the control of L. monocytogenes, the major concern in dairy products.
27-nov-2020
9
12
1
12
Antilisterial Activity of Bacteriocins Produced by Lactic Bacteria Isolated from Dairy Products / De Niederhausern, Simona; Camellini, Stefania; Sabia, Carla; Iseppi, Ramona; Bondi, Moreno; Messi, Patrizia. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 9:12(2020), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/foods9121757]
De Niederhausern, Simona; Camellini, Stefania; Sabia, Carla; Iseppi, Ramona; Bondi, Moreno; Messi, Patrizia
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