Vasculopathy is a crucial feature of systemic sclerosis (SSc), and Raynaud’s phenomenon (RP) and digital ulcers (DU) have a deep impact on the quality of patients’ life. The management of vascular disease can be challenging for the clinician because of the suboptimal tolerability of the treatments and lack of consensus on the best therapeutic approach. Intravenous iloprost, a synthetic analogue of prostacyclin, is broadly used for the treatment of RP and ischemic ulcers secondary to SSc. However, no standardized protocol on iloprost use is currently available and, consequently, the management of this treatment is largely based on the experience of each single center. The PROSIT project is an observational, multicenter study aiming to investigate the current treatments for SSc vasculopathy, the use of prostanoids, with special regard to iloprost, and the perception of the treatment from a patient’s perspective. The study was conducted on a cohort of 346 patients from eight Italian centers and included a structured survey addressed to physicians, data collected from patient’s medical records and two patient-administered questionnaires assessing the level of satisfaction, tolerability and perception of the efficacy of Iloprost. PROSIT data confirmed that in the contest of SSc iloprost represents the first-line choice for the management of severe RP and DU. Moreover, it is a well-tolerated treatment as reported by patients’ experience. Although a standard protocol for the treatment of SSc-related vasculopathy is lacking, PROSIT study identified different therapeutic approaches largely supported by tertiary Italian centers. Further studies are needed in order to optimize the best treatment for SSc vascular diseases, in particular to improve the best iloprost schedule management.
Iloprost use and medical management of systemic sclerosis-related vasculopathy in Italian tertiary referral centers: results from the PROSIT study / Negrini, S.; Magnani, O.; Matucci-Cerinic, M.; Carignola, R.; Data, V.; Montabone, E.; Santaniello, A.; Adorni, G.; Murdaca, G.; Puppo, F.; Indiveri, F.; Della Rossa, A.; D'Ascanio, A.; Barsotti, S.; Giuggioli, D.; Ferri, C.; Lumetti, F.; Bosello, S. L.; Canestrari, G.; Bellando Randone, S.; Bruni, C.; Guiducci, S.; Battaglia, E.; De Andres, M. I.; Russo, A. A.; Beretta, L.. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1591-9528. - 19:3(2019), pp. 357-366. [10.1007/s10238-019-00553-y]