The model of sleep deprivation in rats by the platform method has been extensively studied in our laboratory as a possible animal model of mania. At the end of the period of sleep deprivation, the rat does not fall asleep as soon as it is returned to its home cage, but shows a period of wakefulness of about 30 min, during which the animal presents a cohort of symptoms that appear to mimic those present in idiopathic mania. In particular, during this period the animal displays insomnia, a high degree of hyperactivity, irritability, aggressiveness, hypersexuality and stereotypy. Haloperidol (0.2 mg/kg) was effective in reducing latency to sleep, while l-sulpiride was much weaker (< 50 mg/kg). The dopamine D1 receptor antagonist SCH 23390 exhibited an extremely high potency and efficacy in reducing sleep latency, a significant effect being observed with 3 μg/kg. The administration of the specific D1 receptor agonist SKF 38393 markedly prolonged the period of insomnia with the correlated behavioral syndrome. When lithium was added to the diet and consumed during the sleep deprivation period in adequate amounts to produce serum lithium levels of 0.7-1.0 mEq/1, sleep latency and locomotor activity were significantly reduced. The administration of naloxone (1-10 mg/kg) reduced the latency to sleep in a dose-related manner. By contrast, morphine (1 and 5 mg/kg, i.p.), β-endorphin and [d-Ala2,d-Leus5]enkephalin (i.c.v., 2 and 1 μg, respectively) markedly prolonged the insomnia. The model not only represents a confirmation in the rat that sleep loss often precedes and may trigger a manic episode in man, but suggests that an opioid-dopamine interaction may play a pathogenetic role in mania. © 1995.

Sleep deprivation in the rat: an animal model of mania / Gessa, G. L.; Pani, L.; Fadda, P.; Fratta, W.. - In: EUROPEAN NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0924-977X. - 5:1(1995), pp. 89-93. [10.1016/0924-977X(95)00023-I]

Sleep deprivation in the rat: an animal model of mania

Pani L.;
1995

Abstract

The model of sleep deprivation in rats by the platform method has been extensively studied in our laboratory as a possible animal model of mania. At the end of the period of sleep deprivation, the rat does not fall asleep as soon as it is returned to its home cage, but shows a period of wakefulness of about 30 min, during which the animal presents a cohort of symptoms that appear to mimic those present in idiopathic mania. In particular, during this period the animal displays insomnia, a high degree of hyperactivity, irritability, aggressiveness, hypersexuality and stereotypy. Haloperidol (0.2 mg/kg) was effective in reducing latency to sleep, while l-sulpiride was much weaker (< 50 mg/kg). The dopamine D1 receptor antagonist SCH 23390 exhibited an extremely high potency and efficacy in reducing sleep latency, a significant effect being observed with 3 μg/kg. The administration of the specific D1 receptor agonist SKF 38393 markedly prolonged the period of insomnia with the correlated behavioral syndrome. When lithium was added to the diet and consumed during the sleep deprivation period in adequate amounts to produce serum lithium levels of 0.7-1.0 mEq/1, sleep latency and locomotor activity were significantly reduced. The administration of naloxone (1-10 mg/kg) reduced the latency to sleep in a dose-related manner. By contrast, morphine (1 and 5 mg/kg, i.p.), β-endorphin and [d-Ala2,d-Leus5]enkephalin (i.c.v., 2 and 1 μg, respectively) markedly prolonged the insomnia. The model not only represents a confirmation in the rat that sleep loss often precedes and may trigger a manic episode in man, but suggests that an opioid-dopamine interaction may play a pathogenetic role in mania. © 1995.
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Sleep deprivation in the rat: an animal model of mania / Gessa, G. L.; Pani, L.; Fadda, P.; Fratta, W.. - In: EUROPEAN NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0924-977X. - 5:1(1995), pp. 89-93. [10.1016/0924-977X(95)00023-I]
Gessa, G. L.; Pani, L.; Fadda, P.; Fratta, W.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1212103
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