We considered the drug-induced circling behaviour of rats monolaterally lesioned with kainic acid (KA) as a marker of the dopamine (DA) concentration in the synaptic space. D-Amphetamine produced a dose-related increase in the DA concentration of the dialysate from an intact striatum and a proportional number of ipsilateral circlings. Pargyline or L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-Dopa), alone or in combination with benserazide, increased the concentration of DA to a similar or even higher level than d-amphetamine, but failed to elicit a circling response. Apomorphine given after these drugs at the peak of DA accumulation always induced circling behaviour. The results suggest that released DA may undergo different inactivation processes before reaching the dialysis probe, and that these processes may be differentlly affected by drug treatments. Alternatively, it may be suggested that DA can be released into the synaptic space, in a functional manner, or into the interstitial fluid, from where it cannot reach the synaptic receptors. © 1990.
Brain dialysis and dopamine: does the extracellular concentration of dopamine reflect synaptic release? / Pani, L.; Gessa, G. L.; Carboni, S.; Portas, C. M.; Rossetti, Z. L.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2999. - 180:1(1990), pp. 85-90. [10.1016/0014-2999(90)90595-W]