Background and aims: In Italy, the reimbursed use of incretin mimetics and incretin enhancers was subject to enrollment of patients into a web-based system recording the general demographic and clinical data of patients. We report the utilization data of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) receptor agonists and dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitors in clinical practice as recorded by the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA) Monitoring Registry. Methods and results: From February 2008 to August 2010, 75,283 patients with type 2 diabetes were entered into the registry and treated with exenatide, sitagliptin, or vildagliptin. The treatment was administered to patients in a wide range of ages (≥75 years, n=6125 cases), body mass index (BMI) (≥35kg/m2, n=22,015), and metabolic control (HbA1c≥11% ((96mmol/mol), n=3151). Overall, 1116 suspected adverse drug reactions were registered, including 12 cases of acute pancreatitis (six on exenatide). Hypoglycemic episodes mainly occurred in combination with sulfonylureas. Treatment discontinuation for the three drugs (logistic regression analysis) was negatively associated with the male gender and positively with baseline HbA1c, diabetes duration, and, limitedly to DPP-4 inhibitors, with BMI. Treatment discontinuation (including loss to follow-up, accounting for 21-26%) was frequent. Discontinuation for treatment failure occurred in 7.7% of cases (exenatide), 3.8% (sitagliptin), and 4.1% (vildagliptin), respectively, corresponding to 27-40% of all discontinuations, after excluding lost to follow-up. HbA1c decreased on average by 0.9-1.0% (9mmol/mol). Body weight decreased by 3.5% with exenatide and by 1.0-1.5% with DPP-4 inhibitors. Conclusions: In the real world of Italian diabetes centers, prescriptions of incretins have been made in many cases outside the regulatory limits. Nevertheless, when appropriately utilized, incretins may grant results at least in line with pivotal trials.

Drug utilization, safety, and effectiveness of exenatide, sitagliptin, and vildagliptin for type 2 diabetes in the real world: Data from the Italian AIFA Anti-diabetics Monitoring Registry / Montilla, S.; Marchesini, G.; Sammarco, A.; Trotta, M. P.; Siviero, P. D.; Tomino, C.; Melchiorri, D.; Pani, L.; Melchiorri, D.; Sbraccia, P.; Nicolucci, A.; Brignoli, O.; Coscelli, C.; Dell'Aera, M.; Mazzaglia, G.; Giustini, S. E.; De Rosa, M.; Covezzoli, A.; Rigazio, A.; Roncadori, A.. - In: NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 0939-4753. - 24:12(2014), pp. 1346-1353. [10.1016/j.numecd.2014.07.014]

Drug utilization, safety, and effectiveness of exenatide, sitagliptin, and vildagliptin for type 2 diabetes in the real world: Data from the Italian AIFA Anti-diabetics Monitoring Registry

Marchesini G.;Pani L.;Mazzaglia G.;
2014

Abstract

Background and aims: In Italy, the reimbursed use of incretin mimetics and incretin enhancers was subject to enrollment of patients into a web-based system recording the general demographic and clinical data of patients. We report the utilization data of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) receptor agonists and dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitors in clinical practice as recorded by the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA) Monitoring Registry. Methods and results: From February 2008 to August 2010, 75,283 patients with type 2 diabetes were entered into the registry and treated with exenatide, sitagliptin, or vildagliptin. The treatment was administered to patients in a wide range of ages (≥75 years, n=6125 cases), body mass index (BMI) (≥35kg/m2, n=22,015), and metabolic control (HbA1c≥11% ((96mmol/mol), n=3151). Overall, 1116 suspected adverse drug reactions were registered, including 12 cases of acute pancreatitis (six on exenatide). Hypoglycemic episodes mainly occurred in combination with sulfonylureas. Treatment discontinuation for the three drugs (logistic regression analysis) was negatively associated with the male gender and positively with baseline HbA1c, diabetes duration, and, limitedly to DPP-4 inhibitors, with BMI. Treatment discontinuation (including loss to follow-up, accounting for 21-26%) was frequent. Discontinuation for treatment failure occurred in 7.7% of cases (exenatide), 3.8% (sitagliptin), and 4.1% (vildagliptin), respectively, corresponding to 27-40% of all discontinuations, after excluding lost to follow-up. HbA1c decreased on average by 0.9-1.0% (9mmol/mol). Body weight decreased by 3.5% with exenatide and by 1.0-1.5% with DPP-4 inhibitors. Conclusions: In the real world of Italian diabetes centers, prescriptions of incretins have been made in many cases outside the regulatory limits. Nevertheless, when appropriately utilized, incretins may grant results at least in line with pivotal trials.
24
12
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1353
Drug utilization, safety, and effectiveness of exenatide, sitagliptin, and vildagliptin for type 2 diabetes in the real world: Data from the Italian AIFA Anti-diabetics Monitoring Registry / Montilla, S.; Marchesini, G.; Sammarco, A.; Trotta, M. P.; Siviero, P. D.; Tomino, C.; Melchiorri, D.; Pani, L.; Melchiorri, D.; Sbraccia, P.; Nicolucci, A.; Brignoli, O.; Coscelli, C.; Dell'Aera, M.; Mazzaglia, G.; Giustini, S. E.; De Rosa, M.; Covezzoli, A.; Rigazio, A.; Roncadori, A.. - In: NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 0939-4753. - 24:12(2014), pp. 1346-1353. [10.1016/j.numecd.2014.07.014]
Montilla, S.; Marchesini, G.; Sammarco, A.; Trotta, M. P.; Siviero, P. D.; Tomino, C.; Melchiorri, D.; Pani, L.; Melchiorri, D.; Sbraccia, P.; Nicolucci, A.; Brignoli, O.; Coscelli, C.; Dell'Aera, M.; Mazzaglia, G.; Giustini, S. E.; De Rosa, M.; Covezzoli, A.; Rigazio, A.; Roncadori, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1211981
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