BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative nosocomial pathogen, often causative agent of severe device-related infections, given its great ability to produce biofilm. P. aeruginosa finely regulates the expression of numerous virulence factors, including biofilm production, by Quorum Sensing (QS), an intercellular communication mechanism used by many bacteria. Biofilm formation can enhance bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents due to a decreased penetration of the antibiotic and a reduced rate of bacterial cells in biofilm. Selective inhibition of biofilm formation may thus represent a novel promising strategy to overcome the well-known and widespread drug-resistance of P. aeruginosa. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the effects of SM23, a boronic acid derivate specifically designed as β-lactamase inhibitor, on biofilm formation and production of virulence factors, using the P. aeruginosa bioluminescent strain P1242. RESULTS: Our results indicated that SM23: a) inhibited the development of biofilm and the production of the virulence factors pyoverdine, elastase and pyocyanin, without affecting bacterial growth; b) decreased the levels of P. aeruginosa QS-related Autoinducers molecules 3-oxo-C12-HSL and C4-HSL by dampened lasR/lasI system gene expression in the biofilm; c) failed to bind to bacterial cells that had been preincubated with P. aeruginosa-conditioned medium; d) reduced both biofilm formation and pyoverdine production by P. aeruginosa onto endotracheal tubes, as assessed by a new in vitro model, closely mimicking the clinical settings. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our results indicate that, besides inhibiting β-lactamase, SM23 can also act as potent inhibitor of P. aeruginosa biofilm, suggesting that it may have a potential application in the prevention and treatment of biofilm-associated P. aeruginosa infections.
The β-lactamase Inhibitor Boronic Acid SM23 as a new anti-Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Compound / Peppoloni, Samuele; Pericolini, Eva; Colombari, Bruna; Pinetti, Diego; Cermelli, Claudio; Fini, Francesco; Prati, Fabio; Blasi, Elisabetta; Caselli, Emilia. - (2020). ((Intervento presentato al convegno ASM Microbe Online 2020 tenutosi a online nel June 22, 2020.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Titolo:||The β-lactamase Inhibitor Boronic Acid SM23 as a new anti-Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Compound|
|Autore/i:||Peppoloni, Samuele; Pericolini, Eva; Colombari, Bruna; Pinetti, Diego; Cermelli, Claudio; Fini, Francesco; Prati, Fabio; Blasi, Elisabetta; Caselli, Emilia|
|Nome del convegno:||ASM Microbe Online 2020|
|Data del convegno:||June 22, 2020|
|Luogo del convegno:||online|
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