A zonal hybrid unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes/large eddy simulation (URANS-LES) Zonal detached-eddy simulation (ZDES) model is applied to internal combustion engine (ICE) simulation and comparisons of predicted flow morphology and variability are carried out against on the transparent combustion chamber (TCC-III) particle image velocimetry (PIV) data set for motored conditions. To this aim, a previously developed model derived from a standard seamless-detached eddy simulation (DES) formulation is adopted for two different grid resolutions. In particular, two zonalization choices are evaluated based on previous single-grid results, in order to assess the model outcomes based on the joint turbulence treatment/grid density: the seamless-DES mode is applied (1) only to the cylinder (TCC-Z1) and (2) to the cylinder and intake port (TCC-Z2). Multi-cycle simulations (50 samples) are carried out and the results are compared to experimental data in terms of PIV images using multiple quality indices on multiple planes (Y = 0 and X = 0). Finally, comparison of predicted mean flow fields is extended to standard URANS mode. Results show that the use of a cylinder-only seamless-DES treatment on a relatively coarse grid results in a quantitative agreement between simulated and measured (PIV) flow fields, both in terms of average morphology and flow variability, whereas the extension of the DES mode to the intake port does not introduce relevant variations. Quality indicators seem to be moderately sensitive to the grid resolution, thus confirming the adaptive potential of a ZDES–like model and promoting the use of DES–type turbulence modelling even on relatively low-resolution grids. The analysis of average fields compared to URANS simulations highlights the benefit for both grids of a scale-resolving ZDES modelling when the same underlying turbulence model (k-ε RNG) is used. This study reinforces the recommendation in the use of hybrid URANS-LES models to simulate ICE flows. The adopted ZDES formulation based on the two-equation k-ε RNG model shows that high-quality results can be obtained even on engineering-grade grids, both in terms of average and cycle-to-cycle variation. The numerical results obtained using the two grids with variable resolution are consistent, and this further promotes a wider adoption of this class of models to simulate engine flows in industrial applications.
Application of a zonal hybrid URANS/LES turbulence model to high and low-resolution grids for engine simulation / Iacovano, C.; d'Adamo, A.; Fontanesi, S.; Di Ilio, G.; Krastev, V. K.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINE RESEARCH. - ISSN 1468-0874. - (2020), pp. 1-20.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Titolo:||Application of a zonal hybrid URANS/LES turbulence model to high and low-resolution grids for engine simulation|
|Autore/i:||Iacovano, C.; d'Adamo, A.; Fontanesi, S.; Di Ilio, G.; Krastev, V. K.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1468087420931712|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000546000500001|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85087386862|
|Citazione:||Application of a zonal hybrid URANS/LES turbulence model to high and low-resolution grids for engine simulation / Iacovano, C.; d'Adamo, A.; Fontanesi, S.; Di Ilio, G.; Krastev, V. K.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINE RESEARCH. - ISSN 1468-0874. - (2020), pp. 1-20.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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