Background: Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has gained increasing acceptance for surgical treatment of malignant and benign liver tumors. LLR for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is not commonly performed because of the concern for the frequent need for major hepatectomy, vascular-biliary reconstructions, and lymph node dissection (LND). The aim of this present meta-analysis is to compare surgical and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic (LLR) versus open liver resection (OLR) for ICC. Materials and methods: A systematic review was conducted using the PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane library database of published studies comparing LLR and OLR up to October 2019. Two reviewers independently assessed the eligibility and quality of the studies. Dichotomous data were calculated by odds ratio (OR), and continuous data were calculated by mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Results: Four retrospective observational studies describing 204 patients met the inclusion criteria. With respect to surgical outcomes, laparoscopic compared with open liver resection was associated with lower blood loss [MD − 173.86, (95% CI − 254.82, −92.91) p < 0.0001], less requirement of blood transfusion [OR 0.34, (95% CI 0.14, 0.82) p = 0.02], less need for Pringle maneuver [OR 0.17, (95% CI 0.07, 0.43) p = 0.0002], shorter hospital stay [MD − 3.77, (95% CI − 5.09, − 2.44; p < 0.0001], and less morbidity [OR 0.44, (95% CI 0.21, 0.94) p = 0.03]. With respect to oncological outcomes, the LLR group was prone to lower rates of lymphadenectomy [OR 0.12, (95% CI 0.06, 0.25) p < 0.0001], but surgical margins R0 and recurrence rate were not significantly different. Conclusion: Laparoscopic liver resection for ICC seems to achieve better surgical outcomes, providing short-term benefits without negatively affecting oncologic adequacy in terms of R0 resections and disease recurrence. However, a higher LND rate was observed in the open group. Due to the risk of bias and the statistical heterogeneity between the studies included in this review, further RCTs are needed to reach stronger scientific conclusions.

Laparoscopic versus open liver resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: the first meta-analysis / Guerrini, G. P.; Esposito, G.; Tarantino, G.; Serra, V.; Olivieri, T.; Catellani, B.; Assirati, G.; Guidetti, C.; Ballarin, R.; Magistri, P.; Di Benedetto, F.. - In: LANGENBECK'S ARCHIVES OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1435-2443. - 405:3(2020), pp. 265-275. [10.1007/s00423-020-01877-0]

Laparoscopic versus open liver resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: the first meta-analysis

Guerrini G. P.;Esposito G.;Tarantino G.;Serra V.;Olivieri T.;Catellani B.;Assirati G.;Guidetti C.;Ballarin R.;Magistri P.;Di Benedetto F.
2020

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has gained increasing acceptance for surgical treatment of malignant and benign liver tumors. LLR for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is not commonly performed because of the concern for the frequent need for major hepatectomy, vascular-biliary reconstructions, and lymph node dissection (LND). The aim of this present meta-analysis is to compare surgical and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic (LLR) versus open liver resection (OLR) for ICC. Materials and methods: A systematic review was conducted using the PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane library database of published studies comparing LLR and OLR up to October 2019. Two reviewers independently assessed the eligibility and quality of the studies. Dichotomous data were calculated by odds ratio (OR), and continuous data were calculated by mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Results: Four retrospective observational studies describing 204 patients met the inclusion criteria. With respect to surgical outcomes, laparoscopic compared with open liver resection was associated with lower blood loss [MD − 173.86, (95% CI − 254.82, −92.91) p < 0.0001], less requirement of blood transfusion [OR 0.34, (95% CI 0.14, 0.82) p = 0.02], less need for Pringle maneuver [OR 0.17, (95% CI 0.07, 0.43) p = 0.0002], shorter hospital stay [MD − 3.77, (95% CI − 5.09, − 2.44; p < 0.0001], and less morbidity [OR 0.44, (95% CI 0.21, 0.94) p = 0.03]. With respect to oncological outcomes, the LLR group was prone to lower rates of lymphadenectomy [OR 0.12, (95% CI 0.06, 0.25) p < 0.0001], but surgical margins R0 and recurrence rate were not significantly different. Conclusion: Laparoscopic liver resection for ICC seems to achieve better surgical outcomes, providing short-term benefits without negatively affecting oncologic adequacy in terms of R0 resections and disease recurrence. However, a higher LND rate was observed in the open group. Due to the risk of bias and the statistical heterogeneity between the studies included in this review, further RCTs are needed to reach stronger scientific conclusions.
2020
4-mag-2020
405
3
265
275
Laparoscopic versus open liver resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: the first meta-analysis / Guerrini, G. P.; Esposito, G.; Tarantino, G.; Serra, V.; Olivieri, T.; Catellani, B.; Assirati, G.; Guidetti, C.; Ballarin, R.; Magistri, P.; Di Benedetto, F.. - In: LANGENBECK'S ARCHIVES OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1435-2443. - 405:3(2020), pp. 265-275. [10.1007/s00423-020-01877-0]
Guerrini, G. P.; Esposito, G.; Tarantino, G.; Serra, V.; Olivieri, T.; Catellani, B.; Assirati, G.; Guidetti, C.; Ballarin, R.; Magistri, P.; Di Benedetto, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1204738
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