During aluminum extrusion process, critical temperatures can be reached both in the profile and in the tooling set due to the high pre-heating temperatures and to the work spent in overcoming friction at the workpiece/tool interfaces and in deforming the billet that is converted into heat. By considering that especially the rising of temperature in the profile can represents a critical aspect of the process strongly limiting the maximum achievable extrusion speed, liquid nitrogen die cooling is becoming a consolidated industrial practice in order to increase the process productivity. If cooling channels are traditionally manufactured by subtractive technologies on a third plate (the backer), a more flexible and efficient solution is offered by the selective laser melting (SLM) technology. SLM allows the design of free-form channels with the opportunity to efficiently remove the heat as near as possible to the bearing zones where the highest temperatures are reached. In the present work, the design approach and the manufacturing parameters of an SLM printed H13 die insert for the extrusion of a 10 mm round bar are presented. In addition, the extrusion process is simulated by means of the COMSOL code accounting for the nitrogen cooling effect. Experimental extrusion trials have been furthermore performed with ZM21 magnesium and 6063 aluminum alloys to assess the potentiality of the conformal cooling channel design and to validate the developed numerical model. As main result, a good experimental numerical matching has been achieved with peak errors of 7.5% and 14% in terms of temperature and extrusion load respectively.

Efficiency of conformal cooling channels inserts for extrusion dies / Pelaccia, R.; Negozio, M.; Donati, L.; Reggiani, B.; Tomesani, L.. - In: PROCEDIA MANUFACTURING. - ISSN 2351-9789. - 47:(2020), pp. 209-216. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 23rd International Conference on Material Forming, ESAFORM 2020 tenutosi a deu nel 2020 [10.1016/j.promfg.2020.04.181].

Efficiency of conformal cooling channels inserts for extrusion dies

Pelaccia R.;Reggiani B.;
2020

Abstract

During aluminum extrusion process, critical temperatures can be reached both in the profile and in the tooling set due to the high pre-heating temperatures and to the work spent in overcoming friction at the workpiece/tool interfaces and in deforming the billet that is converted into heat. By considering that especially the rising of temperature in the profile can represents a critical aspect of the process strongly limiting the maximum achievable extrusion speed, liquid nitrogen die cooling is becoming a consolidated industrial practice in order to increase the process productivity. If cooling channels are traditionally manufactured by subtractive technologies on a third plate (the backer), a more flexible and efficient solution is offered by the selective laser melting (SLM) technology. SLM allows the design of free-form channels with the opportunity to efficiently remove the heat as near as possible to the bearing zones where the highest temperatures are reached. In the present work, the design approach and the manufacturing parameters of an SLM printed H13 die insert for the extrusion of a 10 mm round bar are presented. In addition, the extrusion process is simulated by means of the COMSOL code accounting for the nitrogen cooling effect. Experimental extrusion trials have been furthermore performed with ZM21 magnesium and 6063 aluminum alloys to assess the potentiality of the conformal cooling channel design and to validate the developed numerical model. As main result, a good experimental numerical matching has been achieved with peak errors of 7.5% and 14% in terms of temperature and extrusion load respectively.
23rd International Conference on Material Forming, ESAFORM 2020
deu
2020
47
209
216
Pelaccia, R.; Negozio, M.; Donati, L.; Reggiani, B.; Tomesani, L.
Efficiency of conformal cooling channels inserts for extrusion dies / Pelaccia, R.; Negozio, M.; Donati, L.; Reggiani, B.; Tomesani, L.. - In: PROCEDIA MANUFACTURING. - ISSN 2351-9789. - 47:(2020), pp. 209-216. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 23rd International Conference on Material Forming, ESAFORM 2020 tenutosi a deu nel 2020 [10.1016/j.promfg.2020.04.181].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1204496
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