Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is an opportunistic pathogen responsible for a wide range of clinical conditions, from mild infections to life-threatening nosocomial biofilm-associated diseases, which are particularly severe in susceptible individuals. The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the effects of an Albanian propolis on several virulence-related factors of P. aeruginosa, such as growth ability, biofilm formation, extracellular DNA (eDNA) release and phenazine production. To this end, propolis was processed using three different solvents and the extracted polyphenolic compounds were identified by means of High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled to–Mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) analysis. As assessed by a bioluminescence-based assay, among the three propolis extracts, the ethanol (EtOH) extract was the most effective in inhibiting both microbial growth and biofilm formation, followed by propylene glycol (PG) and polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400) propolis extracts. Also, Pseudomonas exposure to propolis EtOH extract caused a decrease in eDNA release and phenazine production. Interestingly, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) and quercetin decreased upon propolis EtOH extract exposure to bacteria. Overall, our data add new insights on the anti-microbial properties of a natural compound, such as propolis against P. aeruginosa. The potential implications of these findings will be discussed.

Propolis affects Pseudomonas aeruginosa Growth, Biofilm Formation, Phenazines and eDNA Release: Potential Involvement of Polyphenols / Meto, Aida; Colombari, Bruna; Meto, Agron; Boaretto, Giorgia; Pinetti, Diego; Marchetti, Lucia; Benvenuti, Stefania; Pellati, Federica; Blasi, Elisabetta. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - 8:(2020), pp. 1-16. [10.3390/microorganisms8020243]

Propolis affects Pseudomonas aeruginosa Growth, Biofilm Formation, Phenazines and eDNA Release: Potential Involvement of Polyphenols

Aida Meto;Bruna Colombari;Diego Pinetti;Lucia Marchetti;Stefania Benvenuti;Federica Pellati;Elisabetta Blasi
2020-01-01

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is an opportunistic pathogen responsible for a wide range of clinical conditions, from mild infections to life-threatening nosocomial biofilm-associated diseases, which are particularly severe in susceptible individuals. The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the effects of an Albanian propolis on several virulence-related factors of P. aeruginosa, such as growth ability, biofilm formation, extracellular DNA (eDNA) release and phenazine production. To this end, propolis was processed using three different solvents and the extracted polyphenolic compounds were identified by means of High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled to–Mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) analysis. As assessed by a bioluminescence-based assay, among the three propolis extracts, the ethanol (EtOH) extract was the most effective in inhibiting both microbial growth and biofilm formation, followed by propylene glycol (PG) and polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400) propolis extracts. Also, Pseudomonas exposure to propolis EtOH extract caused a decrease in eDNA release and phenazine production. Interestingly, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) and quercetin decreased upon propolis EtOH extract exposure to bacteria. Overall, our data add new insights on the anti-microbial properties of a natural compound, such as propolis against P. aeruginosa. The potential implications of these findings will be discussed.
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Propolis affects Pseudomonas aeruginosa Growth, Biofilm Formation, Phenazines and eDNA Release: Potential Involvement of Polyphenols / Meto, Aida; Colombari, Bruna; Meto, Agron; Boaretto, Giorgia; Pinetti, Diego; Marchetti, Lucia; Benvenuti, Stefania; Pellati, Federica; Blasi, Elisabetta. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - 8:(2020), pp. 1-16. [10.3390/microorganisms8020243]
Meto, Aida; Colombari, Bruna; Meto, Agron; Boaretto, Giorgia; Pinetti, Diego; Marchetti, Lucia; Benvenuti, Stefania; Pellati, Federica; Blasi, Elisabetta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1197977
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