Introduction: Quorum sensing (QS) regulates the expression of virulence factors in P. aeruginosa. Inhibiting QS-controlled virulence factors without affecting the growth of P. aeruginosa may represent a promising strategy for overcoming its widespread and constantly increasing drug-resistance. In this study, we investigated the effects of SM23, a boronic acid, which was specifically designed as beta-lactamase inhibitor, on biofilm formation and virulence factor production by P. aeruginosa Material and Methods: the bioluminescent P. aeruginosa strain P1242 was employed. The effect of the boronic acid SM23 on P. aeruginosa were assessed by evaluating a) the biofilm formation and its morphology by crystal violet staining/bioluminescence and confocal microscopy and b) the production in cell supernatant of the virulence factors, pyoverdines and elastase. The pyoverdine release was assessed by measuring the fluorescence emission with a multi-well fluorescence plate reader and mass spectrometry, while the elastase activity was determined by the Ohman’s method, using the Elastin-Congo red as substrate. Finally a qRT-PCR was employed to study the SM23-induced changes in the expression of the QS genes lasI and lasR. Results: the SM23 significantly inhibited the development of biofilm and the production of virulence factors, as pyoverdines and elastase, without affecting bacterial growth. Preincubation of bacteria with P. aeruginosa-conditioned (24 h) medium completely prevented the binding of SM23 to the cells. By investigating the transcriptional changes related to QS, we found that Pseudomonas exposure to SM23 caused a notable decrease in the levels of lasI and lasR gene expression. Finally, the SM23 significantly reduced P. aeruginosa biofilm and pyoverdine production on endotracheal tubes, an in vitro condition closely mimicking clinical settings. Discussion and Conclusions: taken together, our results indicate that boronic acid SM23, besides inhibiting beta-lactamase, can also act as potent inhibitor of QS in P. aeruginosa, suggesting that it may have a potential application in the prevention and treatment of biofilm-associated P. aeruginosa infections.

Inhibition of Quorum Sensing-dependent biofilm formation and virulence factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa by the boronic acid SM23 / Peppoloni, S.; Pericolini, E.; Colombari, B.; Pinetti, D.; Fini, F.; Prati, F.; Blasi, E.; Caselli, E.. - (2019). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 47° National Congress of the Italian Society of Microbiology tenutosi a Roma nel 18-21 September.

Inhibition of Quorum Sensing-dependent biofilm formation and virulence factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa by the boronic acid SM23

Peppoloni S.;Pericolini E.;Colombari B.;Pinetti D.;Fini F.;Prati F.;Blasi E.;Caselli E.
2019

Abstract

Introduction: Quorum sensing (QS) regulates the expression of virulence factors in P. aeruginosa. Inhibiting QS-controlled virulence factors without affecting the growth of P. aeruginosa may represent a promising strategy for overcoming its widespread and constantly increasing drug-resistance. In this study, we investigated the effects of SM23, a boronic acid, which was specifically designed as beta-lactamase inhibitor, on biofilm formation and virulence factor production by P. aeruginosa Material and Methods: the bioluminescent P. aeruginosa strain P1242 was employed. The effect of the boronic acid SM23 on P. aeruginosa were assessed by evaluating a) the biofilm formation and its morphology by crystal violet staining/bioluminescence and confocal microscopy and b) the production in cell supernatant of the virulence factors, pyoverdines and elastase. The pyoverdine release was assessed by measuring the fluorescence emission with a multi-well fluorescence plate reader and mass spectrometry, while the elastase activity was determined by the Ohman’s method, using the Elastin-Congo red as substrate. Finally a qRT-PCR was employed to study the SM23-induced changes in the expression of the QS genes lasI and lasR. Results: the SM23 significantly inhibited the development of biofilm and the production of virulence factors, as pyoverdines and elastase, without affecting bacterial growth. Preincubation of bacteria with P. aeruginosa-conditioned (24 h) medium completely prevented the binding of SM23 to the cells. By investigating the transcriptional changes related to QS, we found that Pseudomonas exposure to SM23 caused a notable decrease in the levels of lasI and lasR gene expression. Finally, the SM23 significantly reduced P. aeruginosa biofilm and pyoverdine production on endotracheal tubes, an in vitro condition closely mimicking clinical settings. Discussion and Conclusions: taken together, our results indicate that boronic acid SM23, besides inhibiting beta-lactamase, can also act as potent inhibitor of QS in P. aeruginosa, suggesting that it may have a potential application in the prevention and treatment of biofilm-associated P. aeruginosa infections.
47° National Congress of the Italian Society of Microbiology
Roma
18-21 September
Peppoloni, S.; Pericolini, E.; Colombari, B.; Pinetti, D.; Fini, F.; Prati, F.; Blasi, E.; Caselli, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1181198
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