Recent data suggest a general trend in decreased occupational exposure to perchlorethylene (PCE) in the dry-cleaning sector. The aims of this study were to confirm this trend to lower exposure levels in a group of Italian dry cleaners and to evaluate the current occupational PCE exposure in these works using noninvasive biological indices. Environmental exposure was assessed by personal sampling in 60 operators working in 21 dry cleaning shops in North Italy. PCE in the exhaled alveolar air (PCEalv), urinary concentration of PCE and of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) (PCEu and TCAu respectively), were measured as biological exposure indices. Median PCE environmental concentration in the whole sample was 10.6 mg/m3 (i.e., less than the 25% of the levels measured in the same area in a previous study). All values were less than 10% of the occupational limits. PCEu measured in samples collected at the end of the work shift resulted the biological markers having the strongest correlation with environmental PCE (r = 0.81). PCEalv also resulted in a high correlation (r = 0.66), while a lower correlation was found for TCAu measured at the end shift (r = 0.32). According to our results, PCEu can be proposed as a valid, noninvasive, and easily reliable exposure index to evaluate PCE exposure at the low levels currently observed in dry cleaners, therefore representing a promising alternative to invasive blood sample collections needed to determine PCE blood concentration.

Evaluation of Occupational Exposure to Perchlorethylene in a Group of Italian Dry Cleaners Using Noninvasive Exposure Indices / Modenese, Alberto; Gioia, Tiziana Concetta; Chiesi, Andrea; Abbacchini, Carlotta; Borsari, Lucia; Ferrari, Davide; De Pasquale, Fabrizio; Di Rico, Renato; Ricci, Raffaella; Sala, Antonella; Gianaroli, Ennio; Predieri, Guerrino; Verri, Sara; Gobba, Fabriziomaria. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 16:16(2019), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/ijerph16162832]

Evaluation of Occupational Exposure to Perchlorethylene in a Group of Italian Dry Cleaners Using Noninvasive Exposure Indices

Modenese, Alberto
;
Gioia, Tiziana Concetta;Chiesi, Andrea;Abbacchini, Carlotta;Borsari, Lucia;Predieri, Guerrino;Gobba, Fabriziomaria
2019-01-01

Abstract

Recent data suggest a general trend in decreased occupational exposure to perchlorethylene (PCE) in the dry-cleaning sector. The aims of this study were to confirm this trend to lower exposure levels in a group of Italian dry cleaners and to evaluate the current occupational PCE exposure in these works using noninvasive biological indices. Environmental exposure was assessed by personal sampling in 60 operators working in 21 dry cleaning shops in North Italy. PCE in the exhaled alveolar air (PCEalv), urinary concentration of PCE and of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) (PCEu and TCAu respectively), were measured as biological exposure indices. Median PCE environmental concentration in the whole sample was 10.6 mg/m3 (i.e., less than the 25% of the levels measured in the same area in a previous study). All values were less than 10% of the occupational limits. PCEu measured in samples collected at the end of the work shift resulted the biological markers having the strongest correlation with environmental PCE (r = 0.81). PCEalv also resulted in a high correlation (r = 0.66), while a lower correlation was found for TCAu measured at the end shift (r = 0.32). According to our results, PCEu can be proposed as a valid, noninvasive, and easily reliable exposure index to evaluate PCE exposure at the low levels currently observed in dry cleaners, therefore representing a promising alternative to invasive blood sample collections needed to determine PCE blood concentration.
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Evaluation of Occupational Exposure to Perchlorethylene in a Group of Italian Dry Cleaners Using Noninvasive Exposure Indices / Modenese, Alberto; Gioia, Tiziana Concetta; Chiesi, Andrea; Abbacchini, Carlotta; Borsari, Lucia; Ferrari, Davide; De Pasquale, Fabrizio; Di Rico, Renato; Ricci, Raffaella; Sala, Antonella; Gianaroli, Ennio; Predieri, Guerrino; Verri, Sara; Gobba, Fabriziomaria. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 16:16(2019), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/ijerph16162832]
Modenese, Alberto; Gioia, Tiziana Concetta; Chiesi, Andrea; Abbacchini, Carlotta; Borsari, Lucia; Ferrari, Davide; De Pasquale, Fabrizio; Di Rico, Renato; Ricci, Raffaella; Sala, Antonella; Gianaroli, Ennio; Predieri, Guerrino; Verri, Sara; Gobba, Fabriziomaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1179979
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