Elastic fibres undergo aberrant mineralization in genetic as well as in acquired pathologic conditions causing severe impairment of tissue mechanical properties. Despite the number of investigations performed so far, the pathogenesis of these alterations is still elusive, due to both the complexity of the elastin network and the involvement of many genes and/or pro-osteogenic signalling pathways. Whole Exome Sequencing (WES) was performed on DNA from three patients affected by beta-thalassemia exhibiting soft connective tissue calcification. WES data were analysed with a bioinformatic approach, allowing to screen and to select genes carrying rare sequence variants. These genes were matched with those present in Extracellular Matrix DB. This approach enables to shed light on the involvement of the extracellular matrix in the occurrence of ectopic calcification. Results revealed a number of rare sequence variants in genes related to elastic fibre assembly and integrity. For instance, the involvement of fibrillins and collagen type VI in the formation of a modified microfibrillar scaffold may lead to elastic fibres less resilient and more prone to hydroxyapatite deposition. Moreover, data reveal that changes in mitochondrial metabolic pathways are sustained by a genetic background and emphasize that a persistent chronic oxidative stress can further influence extracellular matrix homeostasis and cell signalling through the TGFβ-BMP axis. Eventually, the presence of multiple rare sequence variants in the Solute Carrier Family 25 Member 5 (SLC25A5) gene is suggestive of the role of this gene as a key factor linking mitochondria metabolism, ADP/ATP ratio and oxidative stress thus affecting extracellular matrix homeostasis and activation of pro-osteogenic factors.

Exome sequencing and bioinformatic approaches reveals rare sequence variants involved in cell signalling and elastic fibre homeostasis: new evidence in the development of ectopic calcification / Boraldi, Federica; Lofaro, Francesco Demetrio; Romano, Oriana; Grilli, Andrea; Losi, Lorena; Moscarelli, Pasquale; Bicciato, Silvio; Quaglino, Daniela. - In: CELLULAR SIGNALLING. - ISSN 0898-6568. - 59:(2019), pp. 131-140-140. [10.1016/j.cellsig.2019.03.020]

Exome sequencing and bioinformatic approaches reveals rare sequence variants involved in cell signalling and elastic fibre homeostasis: new evidence in the development of ectopic calcification

Boraldi, Federica;Lofaro, Francesco Demetrio;Romano, Oriana;Grilli, Andrea;Losi, Lorena;Moscarelli, Pasquale;Bicciato, Silvio;Quaglino, Daniela
2019

Abstract

Elastic fibres undergo aberrant mineralization in genetic as well as in acquired pathologic conditions causing severe impairment of tissue mechanical properties. Despite the number of investigations performed so far, the pathogenesis of these alterations is still elusive, due to both the complexity of the elastin network and the involvement of many genes and/or pro-osteogenic signalling pathways. Whole Exome Sequencing (WES) was performed on DNA from three patients affected by beta-thalassemia exhibiting soft connective tissue calcification. WES data were analysed with a bioinformatic approach, allowing to screen and to select genes carrying rare sequence variants. These genes were matched with those present in Extracellular Matrix DB. This approach enables to shed light on the involvement of the extracellular matrix in the occurrence of ectopic calcification. Results revealed a number of rare sequence variants in genes related to elastic fibre assembly and integrity. For instance, the involvement of fibrillins and collagen type VI in the formation of a modified microfibrillar scaffold may lead to elastic fibres less resilient and more prone to hydroxyapatite deposition. Moreover, data reveal that changes in mitochondrial metabolic pathways are sustained by a genetic background and emphasize that a persistent chronic oxidative stress can further influence extracellular matrix homeostasis and cell signalling through the TGFβ-BMP axis. Eventually, the presence of multiple rare sequence variants in the Solute Carrier Family 25 Member 5 (SLC25A5) gene is suggestive of the role of this gene as a key factor linking mitochondria metabolism, ADP/ATP ratio and oxidative stress thus affecting extracellular matrix homeostasis and activation of pro-osteogenic factors.
26-mar-2019
59
131-140
140
Exome sequencing and bioinformatic approaches reveals rare sequence variants involved in cell signalling and elastic fibre homeostasis: new evidence in the development of ectopic calcification / Boraldi, Federica; Lofaro, Francesco Demetrio; Romano, Oriana; Grilli, Andrea; Losi, Lorena; Moscarelli, Pasquale; Bicciato, Silvio; Quaglino, Daniela. - In: CELLULAR SIGNALLING. - ISSN 0898-6568. - 59:(2019), pp. 131-140-140. [10.1016/j.cellsig.2019.03.020]
Boraldi, Federica; Lofaro, Francesco Demetrio; Romano, Oriana; Grilli, Andrea; Losi, Lorena; Moscarelli, Pasquale; Bicciato, Silvio; Quaglino, Daniela
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1177866
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