Background: "Velcro-type" crackles on chest auscultation are considered a typical acoustic finding of Fibrotic Interstitial Lung Disease (FILD), however whether they may have a role in the early detection of these disorders has been unknown. This study investigated how "Velcro-type" crackles correlate with the presence of distinct patterns of FILD and individual radiologic features of pulmonary fibrosis on High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT). Methods: Lung sounds were digitally recorded from subjects immediately prior to undergoing clinically indicated chest HRCT. Audio files were independently assessed by two chest physicians and both full volume and single HRCT sections corresponding to the recording sites were extracted. The relationships between audible "Velcro-type" crackles and radiologic HRCT patterns and individual features of pulmonary fibrosis were investigated using multivariate regression models. Results: 148 subjects were enrolled: bilateral "Velcro-type" crackles predicted the presence of FILD at HRCT (OR 13.46, 95% CI 5.85-30.96, p < 0.001) and most strongly the Usual Interstitial Pneumonia (UIP) pattern (OR 19.8, 95% CI 5.28-74.25, p < 0.001). Extent of isolated reticulation (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.62-2.57, p < 0.001), honeycombing (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.24-2.83, < 0.01), ground glass opacities (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.29-2.32, p < 0.001) and traction bronchiectasis (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.03-2.32, p < 0.05) were all independently associated with the presence of "Velcro-type" crackles. Conclusions: "Velcro-type" crackles predict the presence of FILD and directly correlate with the extent of distinct radiologic features of pulmonary fibrosis. Such evidence provides grounds for further investigation of lung sounds as an early identification tool in FILD.

"Velcro-type" crackles predict specific radiologic features of fibrotic interstitial lung disease / Sgalla, Giacomo; Walsh, Simon L. F.; Sverzellati, Nicola; Fletcher, Sophie; Cerri, Stefania; Dimitrov, Borislav; Nikolic, Dragana; Barney, Anna; Pancaldi, Fabrizio; Larcher, Luca; Luppi, Fabrizio; Jones, Mark G.; Davies, Donna; Richeldi, Luca. - In: BMC PULMONARY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1471-2466. - 18:1(2018), pp. 103-109. [10.1186/s12890-018-0670-0]

"Velcro-type" crackles predict specific radiologic features of fibrotic interstitial lung disease

Sgalla, Giacomo;Sverzellati, Nicola;Cerri, Stefania;Pancaldi, Fabrizio;Larcher, Luca;Luppi, Fabrizio;Richeldi, Luca
2018

Abstract

Background: "Velcro-type" crackles on chest auscultation are considered a typical acoustic finding of Fibrotic Interstitial Lung Disease (FILD), however whether they may have a role in the early detection of these disorders has been unknown. This study investigated how "Velcro-type" crackles correlate with the presence of distinct patterns of FILD and individual radiologic features of pulmonary fibrosis on High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT). Methods: Lung sounds were digitally recorded from subjects immediately prior to undergoing clinically indicated chest HRCT. Audio files were independently assessed by two chest physicians and both full volume and single HRCT sections corresponding to the recording sites were extracted. The relationships between audible "Velcro-type" crackles and radiologic HRCT patterns and individual features of pulmonary fibrosis were investigated using multivariate regression models. Results: 148 subjects were enrolled: bilateral "Velcro-type" crackles predicted the presence of FILD at HRCT (OR 13.46, 95% CI 5.85-30.96, p < 0.001) and most strongly the Usual Interstitial Pneumonia (UIP) pattern (OR 19.8, 95% CI 5.28-74.25, p < 0.001). Extent of isolated reticulation (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.62-2.57, p < 0.001), honeycombing (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.24-2.83, < 0.01), ground glass opacities (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.29-2.32, p < 0.001) and traction bronchiectasis (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.03-2.32, p < 0.05) were all independently associated with the presence of "Velcro-type" crackles. Conclusions: "Velcro-type" crackles predict the presence of FILD and directly correlate with the extent of distinct radiologic features of pulmonary fibrosis. Such evidence provides grounds for further investigation of lung sounds as an early identification tool in FILD.
2018
18-giu-2018
18
1
103
109
"Velcro-type" crackles predict specific radiologic features of fibrotic interstitial lung disease / Sgalla, Giacomo; Walsh, Simon L. F.; Sverzellati, Nicola; Fletcher, Sophie; Cerri, Stefania; Dimitrov, Borislav; Nikolic, Dragana; Barney, Anna; Pancaldi, Fabrizio; Larcher, Luca; Luppi, Fabrizio; Jones, Mark G.; Davies, Donna; Richeldi, Luca. - In: BMC PULMONARY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1471-2466. - 18:1(2018), pp. 103-109. [10.1186/s12890-018-0670-0]
Sgalla, Giacomo; Walsh, Simon L. F.; Sverzellati, Nicola; Fletcher, Sophie; Cerri, Stefania; Dimitrov, Borislav; Nikolic, Dragana; Barney, Anna; Pancaldi, Fabrizio; Larcher, Luca; Luppi, Fabrizio; Jones, Mark G.; Davies, Donna; Richeldi, Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1175138
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