Objectives: To describe facial sinus anatomy from an endoscopic perspective and present a radiologic classification. Methods: Facial sinus was studied by endoscopy and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan in 39 temporal bones that underwent exclusive transcanal endoscopic approach. A radiomorphologic classification based on the relationship between the facial sinus and the mastoid portion of the facial nerve is created as follows. In type A facial sinus, the pneumatization of the facial sinus did not extend medially or posteriorly to the mastoid portion of the facial nerve. In type B facial sinus, the pneumatization extended posteriorly to the mastoid portion of the facial nerve. In type C facial sinus, the pneumatization extended posteriorly and medially to the mastoid portion of the facial nerve. Results: In all the specimens that underwent HRCT (n = 31), facial sinus could be identified, and its depth classified, in relation to the facial nerve. In this group, 58% type A, 29% type B, and 13% type C facial sinuses were identified. In all the specimens (n = 39), the facial sinus could be assessed by means of an exclusive endoscopic transcanal approach, and anatomical variants of the chordiculus, previously known as chordal ridge, could be described: ridge (39%), bridge (18%), incomplete (15%), and absent (28%). Conclusion: Endoscopic exploration of the retrotympanum guarantees a very good exposure of the facial sinus, allowing detailed anatomic descriptions of its conformation and relationships with other structures. Improvement in our knowledge of its anatomy might decrease the possibility of residual disease during cholesteatoma surgery. Angled endoscopes (e.g. 45 °, 70 °) can guarantee a better view of the facial sinus. Level of Evidence: NA. Laryngoscope, 128:2397–2402, 2018.

Facial sinus endoscopic evaluation, radiologic assessment, and classification / Alicandri-Ciufelli, Matteo; Fermi, Matteo; Bonali, Marco; Presutti, Livio; Marchioni, Daniele; Todeschini, Alessandra; Anschuetz, Lukas. - In: LARYNGOSCOPE. - ISSN 0023-852X. - 128:10(2018), pp. 2397-2402. [10.1002/lary.27135]

Facial sinus endoscopic evaluation, radiologic assessment, and classification

Alicandri-Ciufelli, Matteo;Fermi, Matteo;Bonali, Marco;Presutti, Livio;Marchioni, Daniele;
2018

Abstract

Objectives: To describe facial sinus anatomy from an endoscopic perspective and present a radiologic classification. Methods: Facial sinus was studied by endoscopy and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan in 39 temporal bones that underwent exclusive transcanal endoscopic approach. A radiomorphologic classification based on the relationship between the facial sinus and the mastoid portion of the facial nerve is created as follows. In type A facial sinus, the pneumatization of the facial sinus did not extend medially or posteriorly to the mastoid portion of the facial nerve. In type B facial sinus, the pneumatization extended posteriorly to the mastoid portion of the facial nerve. In type C facial sinus, the pneumatization extended posteriorly and medially to the mastoid portion of the facial nerve. Results: In all the specimens that underwent HRCT (n = 31), facial sinus could be identified, and its depth classified, in relation to the facial nerve. In this group, 58% type A, 29% type B, and 13% type C facial sinuses were identified. In all the specimens (n = 39), the facial sinus could be assessed by means of an exclusive endoscopic transcanal approach, and anatomical variants of the chordiculus, previously known as chordal ridge, could be described: ridge (39%), bridge (18%), incomplete (15%), and absent (28%). Conclusion: Endoscopic exploration of the retrotympanum guarantees a very good exposure of the facial sinus, allowing detailed anatomic descriptions of its conformation and relationships with other structures. Improvement in our knowledge of its anatomy might decrease the possibility of residual disease during cholesteatoma surgery. Angled endoscopes (e.g. 45 °, 70 °) can guarantee a better view of the facial sinus. Level of Evidence: NA. Laryngoscope, 128:2397–2402, 2018.
7-mar-2018
128
10
2397
2402
Facial sinus endoscopic evaluation, radiologic assessment, and classification / Alicandri-Ciufelli, Matteo; Fermi, Matteo; Bonali, Marco; Presutti, Livio; Marchioni, Daniele; Todeschini, Alessandra; Anschuetz, Lukas. - In: LARYNGOSCOPE. - ISSN 0023-852X. - 128:10(2018), pp. 2397-2402. [10.1002/lary.27135]
Alicandri-Ciufelli, Matteo; Fermi, Matteo; Bonali, Marco; Presutti, Livio; Marchioni, Daniele; Todeschini, Alessandra; Anschuetz, Lukas
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1170161
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