This work reports the results of the structural study of three representative chrysotile samples of different provenance (Canadian UICC, and Italian Balangero and Valmalenco). Chemical composition was determined using EMPA and TG data. An innovative wet cryo-milling procedure was used to powder the flexible and durable chrysotile fibres. X-ray powder diffraction patterns were collected using both conventional and nonconventional sources. Collected data were used for Rietveld structural refinements and results were compared with available literature data. The three samples display similar structure models, although small differences were detected in the position of the oxygen atoms. Both the structural refinements and spectroscopic investigations confirms that Fe 2+ and Fe 3+ atoms in chrysotile are located in the octahedral cavities only, substituting for Mg 2+ . Regarding the atom coordinates, UICC chrysotile is the closest to the model reported by Falini et al. (2004). About the lattice parameters, the Valmalenco chrysotile is the closest, if compared with the Balangero and UICC, to both the model proposed by Whittaker (1956a,b) and Falini et al. (2004). This work is intended as a basis for subsequent studies aimed at understanding the toxicity of these mineral fibres.
The crystal structure of mineral fibres. 1. Chrysotile / Pollastri, Simone; Perchiazzi, Natale; Lezzerini, Marco; Plaisier, Jasper R.; Cavallo, Alessandro; Chiara Dalconi, Maria; Bursi Gandolfi, Nicola; Gualtieri, Alessandro F.. - In: PERIODICO DI MINERALOGIA. - ISSN 0369-8963. - 85:3(2016), pp. 249-259. [10.2451/2016PM655]