This study reports for the frst time crystal-structure data for amosite and fibrous anthophyllite. The chemical composition of the two fibre species was determined from EMPA. Crystal structures were refned using powder-diffraction data, using both laboratory sources and synchrotron radiation. Results were compared with the available literature data for the non-fibrous varieties grunerite and anthophyllite, respectively. The calculated site-occupancies for all samples are in agreement with the chemical compositions calculated from EMPA. The existing structure models of grunerite and orthorhombic anthophyllite also applies to the corresponding fibrous varieties amosite and fibrous anthophyllite, respectively. In amosite, both Fe 2+ and Fe 3+ atoms are found at the sites M(1), M(2) and M(3) and Fe 2+ ions is the only atomic species found at site M(4). Mg is disordered over the C sites with a preference for site M(2). Minor Ca and Na have been assigned to the A site. In fibrous anthophyllite, Mg is the only atomic species found at the M1, M2 and M3 sites. Fe 2+ , Mg (and minor Mn) have been assigned to the M4 site, whereas minor Ca has been assigned to the A site. In both structures, the environment at the M(4) site in amosite and M4 site in fibrous anthophyllite is highly distorted. This work can be considered a basis for studies aimed at understanding the potential toxicity/pathogenicity of these mineral fibres.
The crystal structure of mineral fibres. 2. Amosite and fibrous anthophyllite / Pollastri, Simone; Perchiazzi, Natale; Gigli, Lara; Ferretti, Paolo; Cavallo, Alessandro; Bursi Gandolfi, Nicola; Pollok, Kilian; Gualtieri, Alessandro F.. - In: PERIODICO DI MINERALOGIA. - ISSN 0369-8963. - 86:1(2017), pp. 55-65. [10.2451/2017PM693]