The present work reports chemical and structural data of actinolite asbestos from Aurina Valley, Bolzano (Italy). The chemical composition was determined using EMPA and TG analysis, and the Fe3+/Fetot ratio was accurately evaluated with independent 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. Morphology and crystallinity were also investigated through SEM and TEM investigations. Crystal structure was refined using high-resolution synchrotron XRPD data. The iron content of Aurina Valley sample is lower compared to two representative asbestiform actinolite samples (with structure refinement) taken from the literature (FeOtot 7.77 wt% against 12÷13 wt%, respectively), accounting for the reduced cell volume here measured (910.29 Å³ against 912÷918 Å³, respectively). Refined site scattering values of Aurina Valley sample are in agreement with those calculated from chemical compositions, and the optimized structural formula is: K0.02Na0.05(Na0.08Ca1.92)Ʃ=2.00(Mg3.80Fe2+0.79Fe3+0.11Al0.20Mn0.05Ni0.02Cr0.01)Ʃ=4.98(Si7.67Al0.25)Ʃ=7.92O21.69(OH)2.31. The C sites M(1), M(2) and M(3) are occupied by Mg and Fe in a proportion of ~4:1, whereas the M(4) site contains mainly Ca and a very small amount of Na. Iron exclusively occupies the octahedral C sites, with Fe 2+ ions occurring at the M(1,2,3) sites and the small amount of Fe 3+ (13% of Fe tot) ordered at the M(2) site. The refined crystal structure and cation distribution are fully consistent with results previously obtained on asbestiform and non-asbestiform samples belonging to the tremolite-actinolite-ferro– actinolite substitutional series.
The crystal structure of mineral fibres. 3. Actinolite asbestos / Pollastri, Simone; Gigli, Lara; Ferretti, Paolo; Andreozzi, Giovanni B.; Bursi Gandolfi, Nicola; Pollok, Kilian; Gualtieri, Alessandro F.. - In: PERIODICO DI MINERALOGIA. - ISSN 0369-8963. - 86:2(2017), pp. 89-98. [10.2451/2017PM714]