Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic and debilitating autoimmune disease characterized by chronic joint inflammation with subsequent cartilage and bone destruction. RA is emerging as a model of IL-17-driven autoimmune inflammatory disease. IL-17 is a marker for Th17 cells, with its master regulator being the retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor (RORt) regulated by STAT3 signaling. Glucuronoxylomannan (GXM), a polysaccharide representing the main component of the capsular material of the opportunistic yeast Cryptococcus neoformans, exhibits potent immunosuppressive properties both in vitro and in vivo. The present study investigates the effects of GXM treatment on the progression of collagen-induced arthritis. GXM suppressed clinical signs of collagen-induced arthritis and blocked joint erosion progression. This effect was mediated by down-regulation of key cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of RA such as TNF- and IL-1, and upregulation of the inhibitory cytokine IL-10. Moreover, a reduction of IL-6 and TGF-, which inhibit Th17 differentiation with consequent decreased IL-17 production at the local and systemic level, was observed. The effect of GXM on Th17 differentiation mirrored the reduction in STAT3 activation and inhibition of RORt synthesis. Consequently, this work highlights the beneficial properties of an efficacious compound that could eventually be destined to the clinic.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||A microbial polysaccharide reduces the severity of rheumatoid arthritis by influencing Th17 differentiation and proinflammatory cytokines production|
|Autori:||C. MONARI; S. BEVILACQUA; M. PICCIONI; E. PERICOLINI; S. PERITO; M. CALVITTI; F. BISTONI; T.R. KOZEL; A. VECCHIARELLI|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.4049/jimmunol.0804144|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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