Persian architecture is characterised by shapes and patterns, which can be analysed through mathematical models. Beside 2D patterns, many of the traditional geometric ornaments are realised on 3D surfaces such as domes or vaults. Literature mainly addresses the 3D problem by means of a 2D scheme, which is an important and synthetic representation but is not exhaustive and lacks of clarity. This paper proposes a framework based on the integration of 2D drawings, as in the traditional approach, and a photogrammetric 3D model based on a sample of standard resolution images (tourist pictures). The framework is tested on a muqarnas, a characteristic Persian ornament, in order to study and analyse its modular design and hierarchy of elements. As a case study, the entrance iwan of the Shah Mosque in Isfahan, Iran, is considered. The result is a link between the 3D patterns and the geometry of architectural elements, which completes and overcomes their schematic 2D representation.

A Framework for 3D Pattern Analysis and Reconstruction of Persian Architectural Elements / Gherardini, Francesco; Leali, Francesco. - In: NEXUS NETWORK JOURNAL. - ISSN 1590-5896. - 18:1(2016), pp. 133-167. [10.1007/s00004-015-0287-z]

A Framework for 3D Pattern Analysis and Reconstruction of Persian Architectural Elements

GHERARDINI, Francesco;LEALI, Francesco
2016

Abstract

Persian architecture is characterised by shapes and patterns, which can be analysed through mathematical models. Beside 2D patterns, many of the traditional geometric ornaments are realised on 3D surfaces such as domes or vaults. Literature mainly addresses the 3D problem by means of a 2D scheme, which is an important and synthetic representation but is not exhaustive and lacks of clarity. This paper proposes a framework based on the integration of 2D drawings, as in the traditional approach, and a photogrammetric 3D model based on a sample of standard resolution images (tourist pictures). The framework is tested on a muqarnas, a characteristic Persian ornament, in order to study and analyse its modular design and hierarchy of elements. As a case study, the entrance iwan of the Shah Mosque in Isfahan, Iran, is considered. The result is a link between the 3D patterns and the geometry of architectural elements, which completes and overcomes their schematic 2D representation.
2016
18
1
133
167
A Framework for 3D Pattern Analysis and Reconstruction of Persian Architectural Elements / Gherardini, Francesco; Leali, Francesco. - In: NEXUS NETWORK JOURNAL. - ISSN 1590-5896. - 18:1(2016), pp. 133-167. [10.1007/s00004-015-0287-z]
Gherardini, Francesco; Leali, Francesco
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
10.1007_s00004-015-0287-z_.pdf

Open access

Tipologia: Versione pubblicata dall'editore
Dimensione 2.95 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.95 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1118473
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact