Chondroitin sulfates extracted and purified by different manufacturers were tested to evaluate their effects on proliferation and differentiation processes of U-937 cells. The different chondroitin sulfates were evaluated for purity, structure and physicochemical properties. The three chondroitin sulfates utilized did not present other contaminant glycosaminoglycans and proteins and had about the same relative molecular mass but different disaccharide patterns and charge density. Chondroitin sulfates with small amounts of disulfated disaccharides and low charge density, at 5 mug/ml concentration, doubled (about + 133%) cell proliferation in comparison to controls. In contrast, chondroitin sulfates with large amounts of disulfated disaccharides and high sulfate to carboxyl ratio were less effective (about + 15%) in stimulating cell proliferation at low concentration. A decrease of U-937 cell proliferation was observed in proportion to the increased amounts of chondroitin sulfate with low sulfate to carboxyl ratio. On the contrary, chondroitin sulfate with large amounts of disulfated disaccharides produced increased cell proliferation depending on concentration. Small amounts (5-10 mug/ml) of chondroitin sulfates with low charge density reduced the differentiative process of U-937 cells. Chondroitin sulfate with large amounts of disulfated disaccharides and high charge density seemed to be able to produce a significant decrease of differentiative processes only at very high concentrations (1000 mug/ml). These contrasting effects of chondroitin sulfates with different disaccharide patterns (and structure) and charge density on a leukemia cell line could help to explain the regulation of proliferative and/or differentiative processes of hemopoietic cells. This is underlined by the changes of types, physicochemical properties and structure of glycosaminoglycans induced by different extracellular factors and agents.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Titolo:||effects of chondroitin sulfates with different structures on leukemia-cells - U-937 cell-proliferation and differentiation|
|Autori:||VOLPI N; BOLOGNANI L; CONTE A; PETRINI M|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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