Here we present a new integrated approach to understand skin barrier recovery after physical (tape stripping, TS) or chemical (SDS) injury by combining human skin organ culture and Reflectance Confocal Microscopy (RCM). TS in vitro produced a complete removal of stratum corneum and lipids, a drastic decrease of structural and adhesion proteins, and an increase in cell proliferation. Epidermal recovery with either proliferation or differentiation rescue was observed after 18 hours, with no apoptotic cell detection. On the other hand, when skin organ cultures were exposed to 2% SDS, cellular junctions were disrupted and the expression of late differentiation markers decreased. Junctions repair was detected 24 hours after treatment, with the restoration of epidermal integrity. Both models (TP or SDS) showed the induction of immune-inflammatory markers, such as psoriasin, keratin 16, and the increase in Langerhans cell number. RCM confirmed all the morphological and structural features presented by the organ cultures, thus making this technique fast and easily applicable in the context of dermatological research. These results indicate that combination of skin organ models and RCM can be successfully used for the study of barrier perturbation in skin diseases, for toxicology tests, and for evaluating novel therapies.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Organ culture and Reflectance Confocal Microscopy as new integrated tools for barrier rescue studies in inflammatory skin diseases|
|Autori:||Petrachi, Tiziana; Lotti, Roberta; Palazzo, Elisabetta; Truzzi, Francesca; Saltari, Annalisa; Morandi, Paolo; Ciardo, Silvana; Pellacani, Giovanni; Pincelli, Carlo; Marconi, Alessandra|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/exd.12823|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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