This study investigates the use of the biogas power plants byproduct (digestate) as biofuel in an ordinary domestic air furnace. The digestate, disposed by a 1 MW biogas plant located in Italy, was dried out and pelletized in order to be used as fuel in a wood pellet furnace with 29 kW(th) of nominal power, commonly installed in industrial HVAC systems. The first test was carried out starting from a heavily dried pellet called "digestate 0" characterized chemically and physically in order to obtain its composition, while its ashes were tested using an optical thermal dilatometer for the softening point evaluation. This first test outlined that the "digestate 0" pellets were not suitable for combustion applications even when mixed with an equal part of pure wood pellets. The research then focused on the raw digestate drying process through a set of physical and chemical tests. It was found that a temperature of 150 degrees C maximizes the higher heating value of the new "digestate 1" at 16.6 MJ/kg. However, to further avoid the ash sintering, "ultimate digestate" pellets were prepared mixing 50% of "digestate 1" and 50% of wood. The digestate obtained in such a way was experimentally tested through several runs of the air furnace. In these tests, the overall efficiency as well as the furnace emissions was measured.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Digestate as bio-fuel in domestic furnaces|
|Autori:||Pedrazzi, Simone; Allesina, Giulio; Belló, Tobia; Rinaldini, Carlo Alberto; Tartarini, Paolo|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.fuproc.2014.10.006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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