Bleeding from varices located in the small bowel is a very uncommon finding; nonetheless, such events accompany with a high mortality rate (1– 4). Moreover, early diagnosis of jejunal or ileal varices cannot usually be accomplished with standard diagnostic tools (ie, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy). Most reports in the literature relate to subjects with liver cirrhosis, often with hepatocarcinoma; in unusual anatomical situations, varices may develop beyond the ligament of Treitz in adjunct to the far more common location in the esophageal and gastric wall. Thrombosis of the portal vein is a common feature in such conditions. Portal thrombosis has also been described in association with overt or latent myeloproliferative diseases (5); its occurrence in nonneoplastic hematological conditions in subjects with normal liver function is quite uncommon. This report describes the observation of jejunal varices, with repeated episodes of “melena of unknown origin,” some of which quite severe, as their clinical presentation in a patient with portal thrombosis and with otherwise absolutely normal liver function, who had undergone splenectomy for hereditary spherocytosis in early adolescence.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||Bleeding jejunal varices and portal thrombosis in a splenectomized patient with hereditary spherocytosis|
|Autori:||Bertolotti, M; Loria, P; Martella, P; Carulli, L; De Santis, M; Carulli, N|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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