A numerical procedure to calculate the drain-current (ID) vs. gate-voltage (VG) characteristics from numerical solutions of the Poisson equation for organic Thin-Film Transistors (TFTs) is presented. Polaron transport is modeled as two-dimensional charge transport in a semiconductor having free-carrier density of states proportional to the density of molecules and traps with energy equal to the polaron-hopping barrier. The simulated ID-VG curves are proportional to the product of the density of free carriers, calculated as a function of VG, and the intrinsic mobility, assumed to be a constant independent of temperature. The presence of traps in the oxide was also taken into account in the model, which was applied to a TFT made with six monolayers of pentacene grown on an oxide substrate. The polaron-hopping barrier determines the temperature dependence of the simulated ID-VG curves, trapping in the oxide is responsible for current reduction at high bias and the slope of the characteristics near threshold is related to the metal-semiconductor work-function difference. The values of the model parameters yielding the best match between calculations and experiments are consistent with previous experimental results and theoretical predictions. Therefore, this model enables to extract both physical and technological properties of thin-film devices from the temperature-dependent dc characteristics.
Trap densities and transport properties of pentacene metal–oxide–semiconductor transistors: II—Numerical modeling of dc characteristics / Basile, A. F.; Kyndiah, A.; Biscarini, Fabio; Fraboni, B.. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS. - ISSN 0021-8979. - STAMPA. - 115:(2014), pp. 244505-N/A. [10.1063/1.4884856]