Thisstudyaimedatassessingwhetherthemerebeliefofperformingataskwithanotherperson,whoisinchargeofthecomplementarypartofthetask,issufficientfortheso-calledjointSimoneffecttooccur.Inallthreeexperimentsofthestudy,participantssataloneinaroomandunderwenttwoconsecutiveGo/NoGotasksthatwereidenticalexceptfortheinstructions.InExperiment1,participantsperformedthetaskfirstindividually(baselinetask),andtheneitherco-actingwithanotherpersonwhorespondedfromanunknownlocationtotheNoGostimuli(jointtask)orimagingthemselvesrespondingtotheNoGostimuli(imaginativetask).Relativetothebaseline,theinstructionsoftheimaginativetaskmadetheSimoneffectoccur,whilethoseofthejointtaskwereineffectiveinelicitingtheeffect.Thisresultsuggeststhatsharingataskwithapersonwhoisknowntobeinchargeofthecomplementarytask,butisnotphysicallypresent,isnotsufficienttoinducetherepresentationofanalternativeresponseabletoproduceinterference,whichhappensinsteadwhentheinstructionsexplicitlyrequiretoimaginesucharesponse.Interestingly,weobservedthatwhentheSimoneffectwasalreadypresentinthebaselinetask(i.e.,whentheresponsealternativetotheGoresponsewasrepresentedintheindividualtaskduetonon-socialfactors),itdisappearedinthejointtask.Weproposethat,whennoinformationabouttheco-actor’spositionisavailable,thedivisionoflaborbetweentheparticipantandco-actorallowsparticipantstofilteroutthepossible(incidental)representationofthealternativeresponsefromtheirtaskrepresentation,thuseliminatingpotentialsourcesofinterference.ThisaccountissupportedbytheresultsofExperiments2and3andsuggeststhatundercertaincircumstancestask-sharingmayreducetheinterferenceproducedbytheirrelevantinformation,ratherthanincreaseit.

When co-action eliminates the Simon effect: Disentangling the impact of co-actor' s presence and task sharing on joint-task performance / R., Sellaro; B., Treccani; Rubichi, Sandro; Cubelli, Roberto. - In: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-1078. - ELETTRONICO. - 4:(2013), pp. 1-15. [10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00844]

When co-action eliminates the Simon effect: Disentangling the impact of co-actor' s presence and task sharing on joint-task performance.

RUBICHI, Sandro;CUBELLI, ROBERTO
2013

Abstract

Thisstudyaimedatassessingwhetherthemerebeliefofperformingataskwithanotherperson,whoisinchargeofthecomplementarypartofthetask,issufficientfortheso-calledjointSimoneffecttooccur.Inallthreeexperimentsofthestudy,participantssataloneinaroomandunderwenttwoconsecutiveGo/NoGotasksthatwereidenticalexceptfortheinstructions.InExperiment1,participantsperformedthetaskfirstindividually(baselinetask),andtheneitherco-actingwithanotherpersonwhorespondedfromanunknownlocationtotheNoGostimuli(jointtask)orimagingthemselvesrespondingtotheNoGostimuli(imaginativetask).Relativetothebaseline,theinstructionsoftheimaginativetaskmadetheSimoneffectoccur,whilethoseofthejointtaskwereineffectiveinelicitingtheeffect.Thisresultsuggeststhatsharingataskwithapersonwhoisknowntobeinchargeofthecomplementarytask,butisnotphysicallypresent,isnotsufficienttoinducetherepresentationofanalternativeresponseabletoproduceinterference,whichhappensinsteadwhentheinstructionsexplicitlyrequiretoimaginesucharesponse.Interestingly,weobservedthatwhentheSimoneffectwasalreadypresentinthebaselinetask(i.e.,whentheresponsealternativetotheGoresponsewasrepresentedintheindividualtaskduetonon-socialfactors),itdisappearedinthejointtask.Weproposethat,whennoinformationabouttheco-actor’spositionisavailable,thedivisionoflaborbetweentheparticipantandco-actorallowsparticipantstofilteroutthepossible(incidental)representationofthealternativeresponsefromtheirtaskrepresentation,thuseliminatingpotentialsourcesofinterference.ThisaccountissupportedbytheresultsofExperiments2and3andsuggeststhatundercertaincircumstancestask-sharingmayreducetheinterferenceproducedbytheirrelevantinformation,ratherthanincreaseit.
2013
4
1
15
When co-action eliminates the Simon effect: Disentangling the impact of co-actor' s presence and task sharing on joint-task performance / R., Sellaro; B., Treccani; Rubichi, Sandro; Cubelli, Roberto. - In: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-1078. - ELETTRONICO. - 4:(2013), pp. 1-15. [10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00844]
R., Sellaro; B., Treccani; Rubichi, Sandro; Cubelli, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1039329
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