Gelatinization temperature and apparent amylose content are key parameters used to describe the eating and cooking qualities of rice. Sequence variants of SSIIa and Waxy genes are important determinants of gelatinization temperature and apparent amylose content, respectively. A collection of Italian non-glutinous japonica rice accessions was characterized for sequence polymorphisms in SSIIa and Waxy genes, in comparison with non-Italian japonica and indica genotypes. For SSIIa two markers, SNP3 and SNP4, were used. A PCR amplification of multiple specific alleles protocol was developed for the identification of G/T polymorphism in 5′ splice site of first intron and A/C polymorphism in exon 6 of the Waxy gene. Based on simple allele-specific PCR, it can be proposed as a user-friendly, cost-effective tool for marker-assisted selection of amylose content. The collection was characterized also for the (CT)n repeats in exon 1 of the Waxy gene. The results showed that while SSIIa haplotypes were rather similar between Italian and non-Italian japonica rice, the Waxy gene haplotype T/A/(CT)18 was largely predominant in Italian accessions, other haplotypes, well represented in non-Italian japonica [T/A/(CT)19] and indica [e.g. G/C/(CT)20] genotypes, were present at lower frequency. Grain starch quality traits as apparent amylose content and RVA profile were also analysed. The In1/Ex6 SNP haplotypes of Wx gene were found to explain 79 % of variation in apparent amylose content, and 36, 22 and 25 %, of variation in the RVA parameters peak viscosity, breakdown and setback, respectively. The additional use of (CT)n repeats marker further improved the association of haplotypes with RVA parameters.

Characterization of an Italian rice germplasm collection with genetic markers useful for breeding to improve eating and cooking quality / Caffagni, Alessandra; Albertazzi, Giorgia; G., Gavina; S., Ravaglia; A., Gianinetti; Pecchioni, Nicola; Milc, Justyna Anna. - In: EUPHYTICA. - ISSN 0014-2336. - STAMPA. - 194(3):(2013), pp. 383-399. [10.1007/s10681-013-0954-7]

Characterization of an Italian rice germplasm collection with genetic markers useful for breeding to improve eating and cooking quality

CAFFAGNI, Alessandra;ALBERTAZZI, Giorgia;PECCHIONI, Nicola;MILC, Justyna Anna
2013

Abstract

Gelatinization temperature and apparent amylose content are key parameters used to describe the eating and cooking qualities of rice. Sequence variants of SSIIa and Waxy genes are important determinants of gelatinization temperature and apparent amylose content, respectively. A collection of Italian non-glutinous japonica rice accessions was characterized for sequence polymorphisms in SSIIa and Waxy genes, in comparison with non-Italian japonica and indica genotypes. For SSIIa two markers, SNP3 and SNP4, were used. A PCR amplification of multiple specific alleles protocol was developed for the identification of G/T polymorphism in 5′ splice site of first intron and A/C polymorphism in exon 6 of the Waxy gene. Based on simple allele-specific PCR, it can be proposed as a user-friendly, cost-effective tool for marker-assisted selection of amylose content. The collection was characterized also for the (CT)n repeats in exon 1 of the Waxy gene. The results showed that while SSIIa haplotypes were rather similar between Italian and non-Italian japonica rice, the Waxy gene haplotype T/A/(CT)18 was largely predominant in Italian accessions, other haplotypes, well represented in non-Italian japonica [T/A/(CT)19] and indica [e.g. G/C/(CT)20] genotypes, were present at lower frequency. Grain starch quality traits as apparent amylose content and RVA profile were also analysed. The In1/Ex6 SNP haplotypes of Wx gene were found to explain 79 % of variation in apparent amylose content, and 36, 22 and 25 %, of variation in the RVA parameters peak viscosity, breakdown and setback, respectively. The additional use of (CT)n repeats marker further improved the association of haplotypes with RVA parameters.
194(3)
383
399
Characterization of an Italian rice germplasm collection with genetic markers useful for breeding to improve eating and cooking quality / Caffagni, Alessandra; Albertazzi, Giorgia; G., Gavina; S., Ravaglia; A., Gianinetti; Pecchioni, Nicola; Milc, Justyna Anna. - In: EUPHYTICA. - ISSN 0014-2336. - STAMPA. - 194(3):(2013), pp. 383-399. [10.1007/s10681-013-0954-7]
Caffagni, Alessandra; Albertazzi, Giorgia; G., Gavina; S., Ravaglia; A., Gianinetti; Pecchioni, Nicola; Milc, Justyna Anna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/982532
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