Gorlin-Goltz syndrome is an autosomal dominantly inherited disorder linked to PTCH1 mutation, recognized by a collection of clinical and radiologic signs (macrocephaly, frontal bossing, multiple intracranial calcifications including falx cerebri and atlanto-occipital ligament). We describe here a the case of a family with clear cut criteria for Gorlin-Goltz syndrome presenting the association of cranio-facial and skeletal anomalies together with a peculiar sphenoid variant. Two patients, father and son, were examined because of multiple basal cell carcinomas and keratocystic odontogenic tumours. Other suggestive findings were multiple positive family history, typical skeletal anomalies and a novel PTCH1 germline mutation (c.1041delAA). Craniofacial and other skeletal anomalies displayed at 3D and helical CT scan were: macrocephaly, skull base asymmetry (positional plagiocephaly), mandibular prognathism, mandibular condylar deformation with hyperplasia of the coronoid process, bifidity of multiple ribs and giant multilocular odontogenic jaw cysts. Extensive multilamellar calcifications were found in falx cerebri, tentorium, falx cerebelli and in the apical segment of the atlanto-occipital ligament. Thoracic anomalies included bifid left 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th rib, dismorphic body of the 3rd thoracic vertebra, dorsolumbar scoliosis, sacrum acutum. Interestingly, 3D-CT scan showed asymmetry of both sphenoid wings with thickening of the left wing sphenoid wing together with irregularity of the architecture of trabecular bone with alternating osteolytic and sclerotic areas. Abnormalities of the sphenoid bone are not very common, and consist of differently aggressive entities: some of them are typical of the pediatric age in few hereditary and congenital disorders. The application of new criteria (i.e. peculiar calcifications of ligaments and sphenoid asymmetry) to a wider case series can lead to the early diagnosis of Gorlin syndrome, especially in pediatric patients, when the full phenotype is not yet expressed. The inclusion of bifid ribs as a novel major criteria and the recognition of peculiar cranial anomalies such as sphenoid asymmetry, well detected at volume CT reconstruction, might be useful for the recognition and characterization of misdiagnosed cases.

Sphenoid asymmetry associated to other skeletal anomalies in a clear cut case of PTCH1 mutated Gorlin-Goltz syndrome: a novel finding? / Ruini, Cristel; Pastorino, Lorenza; Malagoli, Marzio; Bruno, Walter; Ghiorzo, Paola; BIANCHI-SCARRÀ, Giovanna; Loschi, Pietro; Pellacani, Giovanni; Tomasi, Aldo; Farnetani, Francesca; Mandel, Victor Desmond; Ponti, Giovanni. - STAMPA. - (2013). ((Intervento presentato al convegno XVI Congresso Nazionale SIGU 2013 - Società Italiana di Genetica Umana tenutosi a Roma nel 25-28 settembre 2013.

Sphenoid asymmetry associated to other skeletal anomalies in a clear cut case of PTCH1 mutated Gorlin-Goltz syndrome: a novel finding?

RUINI, Cristel
;
LOSCHI, Pietro;PELLACANI, Giovanni;TOMASI, Aldo;FARNETANI, Francesca;MANDEL, Victor Desmond;PONTI, Giovanni
2013-01-01

Abstract

Gorlin-Goltz syndrome is an autosomal dominantly inherited disorder linked to PTCH1 mutation, recognized by a collection of clinical and radiologic signs (macrocephaly, frontal bossing, multiple intracranial calcifications including falx cerebri and atlanto-occipital ligament). We describe here a the case of a family with clear cut criteria for Gorlin-Goltz syndrome presenting the association of cranio-facial and skeletal anomalies together with a peculiar sphenoid variant. Two patients, father and son, were examined because of multiple basal cell carcinomas and keratocystic odontogenic tumours. Other suggestive findings were multiple positive family history, typical skeletal anomalies and a novel PTCH1 germline mutation (c.1041delAA). Craniofacial and other skeletal anomalies displayed at 3D and helical CT scan were: macrocephaly, skull base asymmetry (positional plagiocephaly), mandibular prognathism, mandibular condylar deformation with hyperplasia of the coronoid process, bifidity of multiple ribs and giant multilocular odontogenic jaw cysts. Extensive multilamellar calcifications were found in falx cerebri, tentorium, falx cerebelli and in the apical segment of the atlanto-occipital ligament. Thoracic anomalies included bifid left 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th rib, dismorphic body of the 3rd thoracic vertebra, dorsolumbar scoliosis, sacrum acutum. Interestingly, 3D-CT scan showed asymmetry of both sphenoid wings with thickening of the left wing sphenoid wing together with irregularity of the architecture of trabecular bone with alternating osteolytic and sclerotic areas. Abnormalities of the sphenoid bone are not very common, and consist of differently aggressive entities: some of them are typical of the pediatric age in few hereditary and congenital disorders. The application of new criteria (i.e. peculiar calcifications of ligaments and sphenoid asymmetry) to a wider case series can lead to the early diagnosis of Gorlin syndrome, especially in pediatric patients, when the full phenotype is not yet expressed. The inclusion of bifid ribs as a novel major criteria and the recognition of peculiar cranial anomalies such as sphenoid asymmetry, well detected at volume CT reconstruction, might be useful for the recognition and characterization of misdiagnosed cases.
XVI Congresso Nazionale SIGU 2013 - Società Italiana di Genetica Umana
Roma
25-28 settembre 2013
Ruini, Cristel; Pastorino, Lorenza; Malagoli, Marzio; Bruno, Walter; Ghiorzo, Paola; BIANCHI-SCARRÀ, Giovanna; Loschi, Pietro; Pellacani, Giovanni; Tomasi, Aldo; Farnetani, Francesca; Mandel, Victor Desmond; Ponti, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/979750
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