The A-myb gene encodes a transcription factor that is related both functionally and structurally to the v-myb oncogene. Following our observations that A-myb is expressed in a restricted subset of normal mature human B lymphocytes, with the phenotype CD38(+), CD39(-), slgM(-), we have now investigated the pattern of A-myb expression in neoplastic B cells representing the whole spectrum of B-cell differentiation and compared it to that of c-myb and B-myb. In a panel of 32 B-cell lines, A-myb was very strongly expressed in most Burkitt´s lymphoma (BL) cell lines, but weak or negative in 2 pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 4 non-Hodgkin´s lymphoma (NHL), 6 Epstein-Barr virus-immortalized lymphoblastoid cell lines, and 6 myeloma lines. Protein expression paralleled that of the RNA. We have also investigated A-myb expression in 49 fresh cases of B leukemias. Among 24 ALL, 6 were of the null and 11 of the common type and all these were negative for A-myb expression; on the other hand, all 7 B-ALL cases (slg(+)), as well as one fresh BL case with bone marrow infiltration, expressed A-myb. A-myb was undetectable in 4 prolymphocytic leukemias (PLL) but was strongly expressed in 5/20 (25%) of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) samples, In the latter A-myb did not correlate with phenotype or clinical stage. Finally, we have studied the progression of one case of CLL into Richter´s syndrome and have found that the Richter´s cells expressed about 25-fold less A-myb RNA than the CLL cells from the same patient. The pattern of c-myb and B-myb was clearly distinct from that of A-myb. C-myb and B-myb were expressed in all neoplastic groups, except in CLL cells. Thus, A-myb expression, unlike that of c-myb and B-myb, is restricted to a subset of B-cell neoplasias (in particular BL and slg(+)B-ALL) representative of a specific stage of B-cell differentiation. This expression may in part reflect expression of A-myb by the normal germinal center B cells that are the normal counterpart of these transformed B cells, The data presented strongly support a role for this transcription factor in B-cell differentiation and perhaps in B-cell transformation in some neoplasias.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Titolo:||Expression of A-myb, but not c-myb and B-myb, is restricted to Burkitt's lymphoma, sIg(+) B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and a subset of chronic lymphocytic leukemias|
|Autori:||Golay J; Luppi M; Songia S; Palvarini C; Lombardi L; Aiello A; Delia D; Lam K; Crawford DH; Biondi A; Barbui T; Rambaldi A; Introna M|
|Autori interni:||LUPPI, Mario|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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