Phyllosilicates, and among them clay minerals, are of great interest not only for the scientific community but also for their potential applications in many novel and advanced areas. However, the correct application of these minerals requires a thorough knowledge of their crystal chemical properties. This chapter provides crystal chemical and structural details related to phyllosilicates and describes the fundamental features leading to their different behaviour in different natural or technical processes, as also detailed in other chapters of this book. Phyllosilicates, described in this chapter, are minerals of the (i) kaolin-serpentine group (e.g. kaolinite, dickite, nacrite, halloysite, hisingerite, lizardite, antigorite, chrysotile, amesite, carlosturanite, greenalite); (ii) talc and pyrophyllite group (e.g. pyrophyllite, ferripyrophyllite); (iii) mica group, with particular focus to illite; (iv) smectite group (e.g. montmorillonite, beidellite, nontronite, saponite, hectorite, sauconite); (v) vermiculite group; (vi) chlorite group; (vii) some 2:1 layer silicates involving a discontinuous octahedral sheet and a modulated tetrahedral sheet such as kalifersite, palygorskite and sepiolite; (viii) allophane and imogolite and (ix) mixed layer structures with particular focus on illite-smectite.

Structure and Mineralogy of Clay Minerals. Bergaya and Lagaly ed. Handbook of Clay Science, Chapter 2 / Brigatti, Maria Franca; Galan, Emilio; Theng, Bkg. - STAMPA. - 5:(2012), pp. 20-100. [10.1016/B978-0-08-098258-8.00002-X]

Structure and Mineralogy of Clay Minerals. Bergaya and Lagaly ed. Handbook of Clay Science, Chapter 2.

BRIGATTI, Maria Franca;
2012

Abstract

Phyllosilicates, and among them clay minerals, are of great interest not only for the scientific community but also for their potential applications in many novel and advanced areas. However, the correct application of these minerals requires a thorough knowledge of their crystal chemical properties. This chapter provides crystal chemical and structural details related to phyllosilicates and describes the fundamental features leading to their different behaviour in different natural or technical processes, as also detailed in other chapters of this book. Phyllosilicates, described in this chapter, are minerals of the (i) kaolin-serpentine group (e.g. kaolinite, dickite, nacrite, halloysite, hisingerite, lizardite, antigorite, chrysotile, amesite, carlosturanite, greenalite); (ii) talc and pyrophyllite group (e.g. pyrophyllite, ferripyrophyllite); (iii) mica group, with particular focus to illite; (iv) smectite group (e.g. montmorillonite, beidellite, nontronite, saponite, hectorite, sauconite); (v) vermiculite group; (vi) chlorite group; (vii) some 2:1 layer silicates involving a discontinuous octahedral sheet and a modulated tetrahedral sheet such as kalifersite, palygorskite and sepiolite; (viii) allophane and imogolite and (ix) mixed layer structures with particular focus on illite-smectite.
2012
Developments in Clay Science
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978008098258800002X
9780080982588
Elsevier Science Ltd
PAESI BASSI
Structure and Mineralogy of Clay Minerals. Bergaya and Lagaly ed. Handbook of Clay Science, Chapter 2 / Brigatti, Maria Franca; Galan, Emilio; Theng, Bkg. - STAMPA. - 5:(2012), pp. 20-100. [10.1016/B978-0-08-098258-8.00002-X]
Brigatti, Maria Franca; Galan, Emilio; Theng, Bkg
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