The Montardone mélange (Mm) is a chaotic, block-in-matrix unit outcropping in the Montebaranzone syncline in the northern Apennines. The Mm occurs in the uppermost part of the Termina Fm, the Middle-Late Miocene interval of a succession deposited in a wedge-top slope basin (Epiligurian succession). The Mm is closely associated with bodies of authigenic carbonates, characterized by negative values of δ13C (from -18.22 to -39.05 ‰ PDB) and chemosyntethic benthic fauna (lucinid and vesicomyd bivalves). In this paper we propose that the Mm is a mud volcano originated by the post-depositional reactivation and rising of a stratigraphically lower mud-rich mass-transport body (Canossa-Val Tiepido sedimentary mélange or olistostrome) triggered by fluid overpressure. We base our conclusion on: 1) the Mm pierces the entire Termina Fm and older Epiligurian units and represents the direct continuation of the underlying Canossa-Val Tiepido mélange; 2) the geometry and facies distribution of the Montebaranzone sandstone body, which are compatible with a confined basin controlled by the rising of the Mm; 3) the systematic presence of large-scale (lateral extension 300-400 m) seep-carbonates associated with the mélange, suggesting a persistent gas-enriched fluid vent from the ascending overpressured mud; 4) blocks and clasts sourced from the Mm, hosted by the authigenic carbonates, conveyed by ascending mud and gas-enriched fluids. The Mm represents one of the few fossil examples of reactivation of a basin-scale sedimentary mélange (olistostrome); a three-stage model showing mechanisms of Mm raising is proposed.

Relationships between seep-carbonates, mud volcanism and basin geometry in the Late Miocene of the northern Apennines of Italy: the Montardone mélange / Conti, Stefano; Fontana, Daniela; Claudio Corrado, Lucente; Gian Andrea, Pini. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES. - ISSN 1437-3254. - STAMPA. - 103:(2014), pp. 281-295. [10.1007/s00531-013-0928-y]

Relationships between seep-carbonates, mud volcanism and basin geometry in the Late Miocene of the northern Apennines of Italy: the Montardone mélange

CONTI, Stefano;FONTANA, Daniela;
2014-01-01

Abstract

The Montardone mélange (Mm) is a chaotic, block-in-matrix unit outcropping in the Montebaranzone syncline in the northern Apennines. The Mm occurs in the uppermost part of the Termina Fm, the Middle-Late Miocene interval of a succession deposited in a wedge-top slope basin (Epiligurian succession). The Mm is closely associated with bodies of authigenic carbonates, characterized by negative values of δ13C (from -18.22 to -39.05 ‰ PDB) and chemosyntethic benthic fauna (lucinid and vesicomyd bivalves). In this paper we propose that the Mm is a mud volcano originated by the post-depositional reactivation and rising of a stratigraphically lower mud-rich mass-transport body (Canossa-Val Tiepido sedimentary mélange or olistostrome) triggered by fluid overpressure. We base our conclusion on: 1) the Mm pierces the entire Termina Fm and older Epiligurian units and represents the direct continuation of the underlying Canossa-Val Tiepido mélange; 2) the geometry and facies distribution of the Montebaranzone sandstone body, which are compatible with a confined basin controlled by the rising of the Mm; 3) the systematic presence of large-scale (lateral extension 300-400 m) seep-carbonates associated with the mélange, suggesting a persistent gas-enriched fluid vent from the ascending overpressured mud; 4) blocks and clasts sourced from the Mm, hosted by the authigenic carbonates, conveyed by ascending mud and gas-enriched fluids. The Mm represents one of the few fossil examples of reactivation of a basin-scale sedimentary mélange (olistostrome); a three-stage model showing mechanisms of Mm raising is proposed.
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Relationships between seep-carbonates, mud volcanism and basin geometry in the Late Miocene of the northern Apennines of Italy: the Montardone mélange / Conti, Stefano; Fontana, Daniela; Claudio Corrado, Lucente; Gian Andrea, Pini. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES. - ISSN 1437-3254. - STAMPA. - 103:(2014), pp. 281-295. [10.1007/s00531-013-0928-y]
Conti, Stefano; Fontana, Daniela; Claudio Corrado, Lucente; Gian Andrea, Pini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/959893
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